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Accepting PhD Students

  • 24 Citations
  • 1 h-Index

Research output per year

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Personal profile

Research Interests

I am a cognitive linguist, with a specific interest in figurative language. My main research interest lies in the analysis of figurative language production to provide insights into physical, psychological and social experiences, with a current focus on the experience of pregnancy loss. From 2016-2018, I was a postdoctoral research fellow on the ESRC-funded project ‘Death Before Birth’. This project explored socio-legal intersections of decision-making processes in the experiences of miscarriage, termination, and stillbirth and investigates the ways in which the bereaved communicate their choices to those around them, with a particular focus on their use of metaphor and metonymy.

I am also involved in a range of projects in collaboration with researchers at the University of Birmingham examining the use of figurative language in various contexts, including the use of metaphor by synaesthetes, the use of metaphor by senior members of the UK Civil Service (in collaboration with the Birmingham Business School), the use of embodied metaphor and gesture in religious testimonials, and the use of metaphorical thinking in children’s understanding of mathematics and music (in collaboration with Northumbria University).



  • BA (Hons) Modern Languages (French, Spanish, Japanese)
    University of Birmingham, 2005-2009
  • MA Special Applications of Linguistics
    University of Birmingham, 2009-2010
  • PGCert Advanced Research Methods and Skills
    University of Birmingham, 2011-2014
  • PhD English Language
    University of Birmingham, 2011-2014

Before coming to Coventry University, I taught at the universities of Birmingham, Reading and Tokyo.

PhD Project

My thesis was entitled The Development of Metaphorical Competence in French and Japanese Learners of English, supervised by Professor Jeannette Littlemore at the University of Birmingham and funded by an ESRC DTC Doctoral Award in Applied Linguistics.

This thesis used an investigation of metaphor use in a hand-coded corpus of written examinations of French and Japanese learners of English to address four main areas.  The first investigated the development of metaphor use across different levels of written language.  The second sought to exemplify the way in which metaphor use is related to other aspects of language in this context, particularly lexis and phraseology, while the third explored the functions learners used metaphor to perform.  The fourth area drew the preceding sections together to explore what ‘metaphoric competence’ might mean in the context of learners’ exam-based written language, and how it might be measured.

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Research Output

An investigation into metaphor use at different levels of second language writing

Littlemore, J., Krennmayr, T., Turner, J. & Turner, S., 2 May 2013, In : Applied Linguistics. 35, 2, p. 117-144 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 24 Citations (Scopus)

    Applying metaphor analysis to academic literacy research: A critical review over 30 years

    Wan, W. & Turner, S., 23 Oct 2018, In : Metaphor and the Social World. 8, 2, p. 286-311 26 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Metaphors in communication about pregnancy loss

    Littlemore, J. & Turner, S., 1 May 2020, In : Metaphor and the Social World. 10, 1, p. 45-75 31 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
  • 13 Downloads (Pure)

    Stillbirth Memento Photography

    Tovey, R. & Turner, S., 2020, In : Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine. 43, 1, p. 2-16 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • The presence of absence: Tensions and frictions of pregnancy losses – An introduction

    Kuberska, K. & Turner, S., 1 May 2019, In : Women's Studies International Forum. 74, p. 91-93 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial


    • 1 Editorial activity

    Women's Studies International Forum (Journal)

    Karolina Kuberska (Co-editor), Sarah Turner (Co-editor)

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditorial activity