AbstractThe target of the ‘Green Overlays’ research was a cost effective, minimal disruption, sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative to the wholesale demolition, removal and complete reconstruction of the existing structural concrete pavement. The important problem of flexural resistance for strengthening concrete pavements with structural overlays has been scrutinised.
A new mix design method for steel fibre reinforced, roller compacted, polymer modified, bonded concrete overlay has been proposed. The mixes developed were characterized of high flexural strength and high bond strength with the old concrete substrate. ‘Placeability’ and ‘compactability’ of the mix were two dominant issues during laboratory investigation.
An innovative approach for establishing the relationship between Stress and Crack Face Opening Displacement for steel fibre reinforced concrete beams under flexure was developed. In addition, a new and simple method for calculating the interfacial Strain Energy Release Rate of both, a two-dimensional specimen and a three-dimensional model of the overlay pavement system were developed. This method can be readily and easily used by practicing engineers.
Finally, a new test specimen and its loading configuration for measuring interfacial fracture toughness for concrete overlay pavements were established. The interfacial fracture toughness of a composite concrete beam, consisted of steel fibre-reinforced roller compacted polymer modified concrete bonded on conventional concrete and undergoing flexure, was assessed.
In summary, this thesis presents four key findings:
A new mix design method for steel fibre-reinforced roller compacted polymer modified concrete bonded on conventional concrete.
A new method for establishing the fibre bridging law by an inverse analysis approach.
A new, simplified method for calculating strain energy release rate at the interface of a composite beam.
A new, innovative technique for calculating strain energy release rate at the interface of an overlaid pavement.
The thesis contains a plethora of graphs, data-tables, examples and formulae, suitable for future researchers.
|Date of Award||2014|
|Sponsors||Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council|
|Supervisor||John Karadelis (Supervisor) & Peter Claisse (Supervisor)|
- steel fibre-reinforced
- polymer-modified concrete
- bonded concrete overlay pavement
- mix design method
- lexural strength
- fibre bridging law
- interfacial strain energy release rate
- interfacial fracture toughness
- beam on elastic foundation