Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) in the Oil and Gas Industry
: A perspective from the Natural Resource-Based View (NRBV) and Stakeholder theory

  • Olatunde Olajide

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


    The O&G industry is predominantly implicated in environmental sustainability issues because of thepolluting nature of its operations. Climate change and other environmental challenges are significantlylinked to the hydrocarbon industry. Consequently, critical stakeholders continuously pressure O&Gfirms to implement green supply chain management (GSCM) practices to address environmentalconcerns. The extant literature suggests that GSCM implementation can improve firms’competitiveness. However, there is no empirical validation of the above in the Nigerian O&G industry.Therefore, this study combines stakeholder theory with the Natural Resource-Based View (NRBV) toexamine how stakeholder pressures drive the Nigerian O&G firms to commit their strategic resourcesto GSCM implementation and the overall effect on firms’ competitiveness.A mixed-method research technique based on the pragmatism paradigm is adopted to address theresearch questions. A thematic analysis of twenty-nine semi-structured interviews conducted amongrelevant managers in the Nigerian O&G industry conceptualised GSCM practices within the strategiccapabilities of pollution prevention, product stewardship and clean technology. The analysis furtherexplored the critical strategic resources and stakeholder pressures that influence GSCM implementationin the industry. The subsequent confirmatory phase of the research adopted a Covariance-basedstructural equation modelling (CV-SEM) to analyse 214 questionnaire responses from relevantmanagers across the supply chain of the Nigerian O&G industry. This process examined the impact ofGSCM practices on the environmental and economic competitiveness of the firms in the Nigerian O&Gindustry.The results of the exploratory research validated the conceptualisation of GSCM practices as thestrategic capabilities of pollution prevention, product stewardship and clean technology, drawn onNRBV. However, there is no empirical evidence of GSCM practices related to the base of the pyramidstrategy in the industry. The qualitative analysis further identified seven strategic resources thatinfluence GSCM adoption in the industry. The intangible resources of supply chain strategiccollaboration and continuous innovations are highlighted as the most critical resources for GSCMimplementation. Although six different stakeholders were found to influence firms’ green practices,coercive pressure from government regulatory institutions is validated as the most compellingstakeholder pressure driving GSCM implementation in the industry. The SEM results indicate thatgovernment regulations negatively impact supply chain continuous innovations (as strategic resources)and have no statistically significant impact on GSCM strategies. However, supply chain continuousinnovations positively impact GSCM. Also, GSCM practices positively influence environmental andeconomic competitiveness, except for clean technology with no statistically significant impact oneconomic competitiveness. Finally, environmental competitiveness has a positive impact on economiccompetitiveness.This research provides empirical validation to the theoretical linkage between GSCM and NRBV,thereby extending the current level of knowledge in GSCM. It also informs the policymakers in theNigerian O&G industry to rejig the current regulatory framework of the Nigerian O&G industry as itappears too weak to foster environmental sustainability. Finally, it encourages the Nigerian O&G firmsto develop the necessary capabilities for GSCM as they positively impact the firm’s competitiveness.
    Date of AwardMar 2023
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • Coventry University
    SponsorsPetroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF)
    SupervisorMuhammad Mustafa Kamal (Supervisor)

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