Enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of government and NGOs disaster response— case studies of Wenchuan Earthquake and Typhoon Morakot

  • Xiao Yang

    Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

    Abstract

    This research considers three main themes: disaster management and emergency planning; responses by governments and NGOs to disasters; and the humanitarian supply chain in the context of a disaster response. The aim of this study was to examine and explore how these three elements are brought together in order to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of a disaster response. In particular, in the face of an increasing number of disasters, a speedily driven disaster response has becoming increasingly relevant in today’s modern world. Emergency planning is an essential and fundamental framework for conducting a disaster response which is mainly carried out by governments and NGOs. Moreover, the humanitarian supply chain is crucial to enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of a disaster response due to its function of managing and delivering relief goods and equipment to a disaster spot. In addition, through the use of two case studies, this research also examined the response by governments and NGOs to two significant natural disasters: the Wenchuan Earthquake and Typhoon Morakot.

    The methods adopted in this research were semi-structured face-to-face interviews and case studies. In order to accomplish the research aim, interviews were conducted with key personnel drawn from the emergency and disaster management industries in China and Taiwan. The study participants were chosen because of their expertise in this area. In addition, two cases were analysed in-depth in order to provide a rich understanding of the context of the disaster response for both governments and NGOs.

    This research found that both emergency planning and the humanitarian supply chain are crucial to enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of a disaster response and will be so for many years to come. The key conclusion for this research is that enhancing a disaster response by including the humanitarian supply chain in an emergency plan is crucial, not only to enhance the disaster response stage but also to contribute to humanitarian relief. The findings from this research are not only applicable to China and Taiwan but can be transferable, and thus are highly relevant worldwide.
    Date of AwardFeb 2018
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • Coventry University
    SupervisorYung-Fang Chen (Supervisor), Marion MacLellan (Supervisor) & Zulf Khan (Supervisor)

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