Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control

Barry J. Mitchell

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    541 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    On 4 October 2010 the old common law plea of provocation which, if successful, reduced murder to voluntary manslaughter, was abolished and replaced by the partial defence of loss of control. This was the culmination of a crescendo of criticism and frustration over three or four decades of case law, especially about, firstly, the requirement of a loss of self-control, and the apparent bias in favour of male reactions to provocation, and the law's inadequate accommodation of female reactions; and, secondly, the nature of the normative element in the law and the extent to which personal characteristics of the defendant could be taken into account. This chapter reviews some of the key elements and concerns about the old common law before turning to explore its statutory replacement. In so doing, it argues that the decision to base the new law on a loss of control requirement is fundamentally misguided. Whilst the use of ambiguous words and phrases may allow the courts a necessary measure of discretion, it will simultaneously risk injustice to some deserving defendants. The chapter also suggests that the objective requirement in the new plea has not been adequately thought through.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPrinciples and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth
    EditorsLucia Zedner, Julian V. Roberts
    Place of PublicationOxford
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Print)9780199696796
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Common Law
    Murder
    Replacement
    Self-control
    Criticism
    Crescendo
    Injustice
    Discretion
    Frustration
    Accommodation

    Keywords

    • old common law
    • loss of control
    • objective requirement
    • provocation
    • murder
    • manslaughter
    • criminal law

    Cite this

    Mitchell, B. J. (2012). Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control. In L. Zedner, & J. V. Roberts (Eds.), Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696796.001.0001

    Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control. / Mitchell, Barry J.

    Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. ed. / Lucia Zedner; Julian V. Roberts. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Mitchell, BJ 2012, Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control. in L Zedner & JV Roberts (eds), Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford University Press, Oxford. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696796.001.0001
    Mitchell BJ. Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control. In Zedner L, Roberts JV, editors, Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696796.001.0001
    Mitchell, Barry J. / Years of Provocation, Followed by a Loss of Control. Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. editor / Lucia Zedner ; Julian V. Roberts. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.
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