What explains the location of industry in Britain, 1871-1931?

Nicholas Crafts, Abay Mulatu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Where transport costs were falling, were the new economic geography forces for industry agglomeration and dispersion at work in the location of industry in pre-1931 Britain? This paper examines the issue empirically using a general model that nests the Heckscher-Ohlin factor endowment with new economic geography models. The evidence suggests that while the location of pre-1931 British industry was mainly driven by the former, the scale economies aspect of the latter also played a role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-518
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Economic Geography
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Agglmeration economies
  • British manufacturing
  • Industry location
  • Transport costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


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