What explains the location of industry in Britain, 1871-1931?

Nicholas Crafts, Abay Mulatu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)


Where transport costs were falling, were the new economic geography forces for industry agglomeration and dispersion at work in the location of industry in pre-1931 Britain? This paper examines the issue empirically using a general model that nests the Heckscher-Ohlin factor endowment with new economic geography models. The evidence suggests that while the location of pre-1931 British industry was mainly driven by the former, the scale economies aspect of the latter also played a role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-518
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Economic Geography
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Agglmeration economies
  • British manufacturing
  • Industry location
  • Transport costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

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