What are the most effective techniques for changing self-efficacy to promote physical activity: A meta analysis?

Stefanie Williams, J. Edmunds, D.P. French

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


    Background: Increasing self-efficacy is an effective method to increase physical activity. Despite this, there are no systematic reviews which identify the most effective techniques to increase self-efficacy in physical activity interventions by examining how they are associated with self-efficacy changes. This meta-analysis aims to fill this gap by systematically gathering intervention studies which aimed to increase self-efficacy for physical activity. Methods: A search of three electronic databases identified 27 distinct lifestyle and recreational physical activity intervention studies. Meta-analysis was used to quantity the impact of the interventions on physical activity self-efficacy. Moderator analyses were conducted to examine the association of changes in self-efficacy with whether or not specific intervention techniques were included. Findings: The most frequent intervention techniques utilised were mastery experience, self-monitoring, persuasion and goal setting. A minority of studies included vicarious experience or feedback techniques. Despite this, interventions that included feedback and vicarious experience produced the highest levels of self-efficacy found in this review (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Bibliographical note

    The full text of this item is not available from the repository. Paper presented at the 2009 British Psychological Society Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, held 9-11 September 2009, Aston University, Birmingham, UK. Please note Stephanie Williams was using the surname Ashford at the time of presentation. The research from this conference presentation was later developed into a full-length journal article - see the link below.


    • self-efficacy
    • behaviour change techniques
    • physical activity
    • exercise
    • meta-analysis


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