What are the fundamental knowledge-sharing drivers of small family businesses in the restaurant and fast-food industry?

Mojtaba Rezaei, Guido Giovando, Shahrbanou Rezaei, Razieh Sadraei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the undoubted role of knowledge in the small family business (FB) in the restaurant and fast-food industry, there are some main challenges in the knowledge-sharing (KS) orientation for promoting their business. This study tries to recognise and explore the drivers influencing these enterprises' KS processes.

The authors applied combined exploratory and confirmatory analysis in two studies. In the first study, by the Delphi method, the 22 experts consisting of managers, FB owners and academic professors explore and forecast significant items and drivers. The second study is a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for validating the first study's indicators using the survey collected amongst 218 restaurants and fast foods employees.

The findings indicate 23 indicators in three main drivers of individual, organisational and technological, are critical for KS in small FBs in the investigated industry.

This research supports the understanding of knowledge management and the FB and contributes to recognising the influential factors for KS amongst small and medium-sized family businesses in the food-related industry. Also, by identifying and ranking the most significant factors, this research will help entrepreneurs facilitate FB entrepreneurship. Finally, the results provide practical implications for current and future KM and FB decision-makers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2149-2178
Number of pages30
JournalBritish Food Journal
Issue number7
Early online date13 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Knowledge management (KM)
  • Knowledge sharing (KS)
  • Family business (FB)
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
  • Restaurants and fast-foods


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