Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis

Mahsa Baniasadi, Alessandro Tugnoli (Editor), Roberto Conti (Guest editor), Cristian Torri (Guest editor), Daniele Fabbri (Editor), Valerio Cozzani (Editor)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The slow pyrolysis process of poultry litter was investigated using different experimental and analytical techniques. A fixed bed reactor was used for the simulation of the slow pyrolysis process up to a constant temperature (400–800 °C) under nitrogen flow. Yields of the different product fractions were determined. On-line FTIR techniques were used to detect the most significant compounds in the evolved gas (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane). GC–MS results allowed the identification of the more important categories of compounds in the liquid condensate (phenols, fatty acids, sterols, N-containing compounds). The fate of nitrogen and sulphur, present in relevant amounts in the original substrate, was investigated: sulphur remains mostly in char at any investigated temperature, while nitrogen is split among the different products, slightly increasing its transfer to the gas phase only at higher pyrolysis temperatures. The energy transfer from the original biomass substrate to the different product fractions was also investigated. The fraction of biomass energy transferred to non-condensable gases raises with pyrolysis temperature and was estimated to be able to thermally sustain the process at 550 °C. The results obtained shed some light on the potential use of the slow pyrolysis process for sanitation and waste-to-energy valorization of poultry litter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-468
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume90
Early online date17 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Poultry
Pyrolysis
Nitrogen
Biomass
Sulfur
Gases
Sanitation
Temperature
Substrates
Fatty acids
Carbon monoxide
Energy transfer
Phenols
Carbon dioxide
Methane
Liquids

Keywords

  • Poultry litter Slow pyrolysis Waste Element fate analysis Biofuel

Cite this

Baniasadi, M., Tugnoli, A. (Ed.), Conti, R. (Guest ed.), Torri, C. (Guest ed.), Fabbri, D. (Ed.), & Cozzani, V. (Ed.) (2016). Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis. Renewable Energy, 90, 458-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018

Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis. / Baniasadi, Mahsa; Tugnoli, Alessandro (Editor); Conti, Roberto (Guest editor); Torri, Cristian (Guest editor); Fabbri, Daniele (Editor); Cozzani, Valerio (Editor).

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 90, 05.2016, p. 458-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baniasadi, M, Tugnoli, A (ed.), Conti, R (Guest ed.), Torri, C (Guest ed.), Fabbri, D (ed.) & Cozzani, V (ed.) 2016, 'Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis' Renewable Energy, vol. 90, pp. 458-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018
Baniasadi M, Tugnoli A, (ed.), Conti R, (Guest ed.), Torri C, (Guest ed.), Fabbri D, (ed.), Cozzani V, (ed.). Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis. Renewable Energy. 2016 May;90:458-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018
Baniasadi, Mahsa ; Tugnoli, Alessandro (Editor) ; Conti, Roberto (Guest editor) ; Torri, Cristian (Guest editor) ; Fabbri, Daniele (Editor) ; Cozzani, Valerio (Editor). / Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis. In: Renewable Energy. 2016 ; Vol. 90. pp. 458-468.
@article{d4adde4ab5af4e98a8dd8ca71ddcfc43,
title = "Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis",
abstract = "The slow pyrolysis process of poultry litter was investigated using different experimental and analytical techniques. A fixed bed reactor was used for the simulation of the slow pyrolysis process up to a constant temperature (400–800 °C) under nitrogen flow. Yields of the different product fractions were determined. On-line FTIR techniques were used to detect the most significant compounds in the evolved gas (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane). GC–MS results allowed the identification of the more important categories of compounds in the liquid condensate (phenols, fatty acids, sterols, N-containing compounds). The fate of nitrogen and sulphur, present in relevant amounts in the original substrate, was investigated: sulphur remains mostly in char at any investigated temperature, while nitrogen is split among the different products, slightly increasing its transfer to the gas phase only at higher pyrolysis temperatures. The energy transfer from the original biomass substrate to the different product fractions was also investigated. The fraction of biomass energy transferred to non-condensable gases raises with pyrolysis temperature and was estimated to be able to thermally sustain the process at 550 °C. The results obtained shed some light on the potential use of the slow pyrolysis process for sanitation and waste-to-energy valorization of poultry litter.",
keywords = "Poultry litter Slow pyrolysis Waste Element fate analysis Biofuel",
author = "Mahsa Baniasadi and Alessandro Tugnoli and Roberto Conti and Cristian Torri and Daniele Fabbri and Valerio Cozzani",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "458--468",
journal = "Renewable Energy",
issn = "0960-1481",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Waste to energy valorization of poultry litter by slow pyrolysis

AU - Baniasadi, Mahsa

A2 - Tugnoli, Alessandro

A2 - Conti, Roberto

A2 - Torri, Cristian

A2 - Fabbri, Daniele

A2 - Cozzani, Valerio

PY - 2016/5

Y1 - 2016/5

N2 - The slow pyrolysis process of poultry litter was investigated using different experimental and analytical techniques. A fixed bed reactor was used for the simulation of the slow pyrolysis process up to a constant temperature (400–800 °C) under nitrogen flow. Yields of the different product fractions were determined. On-line FTIR techniques were used to detect the most significant compounds in the evolved gas (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane). GC–MS results allowed the identification of the more important categories of compounds in the liquid condensate (phenols, fatty acids, sterols, N-containing compounds). The fate of nitrogen and sulphur, present in relevant amounts in the original substrate, was investigated: sulphur remains mostly in char at any investigated temperature, while nitrogen is split among the different products, slightly increasing its transfer to the gas phase only at higher pyrolysis temperatures. The energy transfer from the original biomass substrate to the different product fractions was also investigated. The fraction of biomass energy transferred to non-condensable gases raises with pyrolysis temperature and was estimated to be able to thermally sustain the process at 550 °C. The results obtained shed some light on the potential use of the slow pyrolysis process for sanitation and waste-to-energy valorization of poultry litter.

AB - The slow pyrolysis process of poultry litter was investigated using different experimental and analytical techniques. A fixed bed reactor was used for the simulation of the slow pyrolysis process up to a constant temperature (400–800 °C) under nitrogen flow. Yields of the different product fractions were determined. On-line FTIR techniques were used to detect the most significant compounds in the evolved gas (carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and methane). GC–MS results allowed the identification of the more important categories of compounds in the liquid condensate (phenols, fatty acids, sterols, N-containing compounds). The fate of nitrogen and sulphur, present in relevant amounts in the original substrate, was investigated: sulphur remains mostly in char at any investigated temperature, while nitrogen is split among the different products, slightly increasing its transfer to the gas phase only at higher pyrolysis temperatures. The energy transfer from the original biomass substrate to the different product fractions was also investigated. The fraction of biomass energy transferred to non-condensable gases raises with pyrolysis temperature and was estimated to be able to thermally sustain the process at 550 °C. The results obtained shed some light on the potential use of the slow pyrolysis process for sanitation and waste-to-energy valorization of poultry litter.

KW - Poultry litter Slow pyrolysis Waste Element fate analysis Biofuel

U2 - 10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018

DO - 10.1016/j.renene.2016.01.018

M3 - Article

VL - 90

SP - 458

EP - 468

JO - Renewable Energy

JF - Renewable Energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -