Waste minimisation through deconstruction: A BIM based Deconstructability Assessment Score (BIM-DAS)

Olugbenga O. Akinade, Lukumon O. Oyedele, Muhammad Bilal, Saheed O. Ajayi, Hakeem A. Owolabi, Hafiz A. Alaka, Sururah A. Bello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Citations (Scopus)
640 Downloads (Pure)


The overall aim of this study is to develop a Building Information Modelling based Deconstructability Assessment Score (BIM-DAS) for determining the extent to which a building could be deconstructed right from the design stage. To achieve this, a review of extant literature was carried out to identify critical design principles influencing effectual building deconstruction and key features for assessing the performance of Design for Deconstruction (DfD). Thereafter, these key features were used to develop BIM-DAS using mathematical modelling approach based on efficient material requirement planning. BIM-DAS was later tested using case study design and the results show that the major contributing factors to DfD are use of prefabricated assemblies and demountable connections. The results of the evaluation demonstrate the practicality of BIM-DAS as an indicator to measure the deconstructability of building designs. This could provide a design requirement benchmark for effective building deconstruction. This research work will benefit all stakeholders in the construction industry especially those interested in designing for deconstruction. The eventual incorporation of BIM-DAS into existing BIM software will provide a basis for the comparison of deconstructability of building models during design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Issue numberA
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Resources, Conservation and Recycling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Resources, Conservation and Recycling, [105, A, (2015)] DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.10.018

© 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • Building deconstruction
  • Building information modelling
  • Demolition waste minimisation
  • Design for deconstruction
  • Design performance assessment
  • Scoring scheme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


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