Violence as an Under-Recognized Barrier to Women’s Realization of Their Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition: Case Studies From Georgia and South Africa

Anne C. Bellows, S. Lemke, Anna Jenderedjian, Veronika Scherbaum

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11 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


This article addresses under-acknowledged barriers of structural violence and discrimination that interfere with women’s capacity to realize their human rights generally, and their right to adequate food and nutrition in particular. Case studies from Georgia and South Africa illustrate the need for a human rights–based approach to food and nutrition security that prioritizes non-discrimination, public participation, and self-determination. These principles are frustrated by different types of structural violence that, if not seriously addressed, pose multiple barriers to women’s economic, public, and social engagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1217
JournalViolence Against Women
Issue number10
Early online date2 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015


The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The data for Georgia was derived from Anna Jenderedjian’s ongoing research project entitled “Twenty Years of Transformation: The role of Civil Society in Food Security in Countries with Transition Economies with Special Emphasis on Women’s Participation. Case studies of Armenia and Georgia.” This project is funded by The German Academic Exchange Service and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development. The field work in Georgia was funded by fiat panis.

The data for South Africa was derived from three successive research projects carried out by Stefanie Lemke. The first project was funded by the HSP III PhD programme, Technical University Munich-Weihenstephan. The second project was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), the National Research Foundtion South Africa and the Belgian NGO Nutrition Third World. The third ongoing research project entitled “Food Security and Right to Adequate Food in the Context of Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa” is funded by the Ministry for Science, Research and the Arts, and European Social Fund, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, and fiat panis.


  • Georgia
  • human right to adequate food
  • nutrition
  • South Africa
  • women’s rights

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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