Variations in adiposity, body fat percentage, and muscular strength, according to physical activity level in young adults

Omer Kaya, Mustafa Sogut, Kubra Altunsoy, Cain Clark

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

    Abstract

    PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to examine the discrepancies between moderately physically active (MPA) and highly physically active (HPA) male (n=96, age=22.5±1.7 years) and female (n=85, age=21.3±1.6 years) young adults regarding various anthropometric adiposity indices (AIs), body fat percentage (BF%), and muscular strength, and to determine the associations between physical activity level (PAL) and the aforementioned variables. METHODS: Participants’ height, body mass, BF%, waist and hip circumferences, and maximal isometric grip strength was measured. They were dichotomized according to their PAL, estimated by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), as MPA (≥600-3000 MET-min/week) and HPA (≥3000 MET-min/week). RESULTS: Participants in the HPA groups had significantly lower BF% (ES 0.67 ♂; 0.72 ♀), body mass (ES 0.46 ♂; 0.58 ♀), waist circumference (ES 0.55 ♂; 0.48 ♀), hip circumference (ES 0.46 ♂; 0.49 ♀), and BMI (ES 0.46 ♂; 0.59 ♀) than the participants in the MPA groups in both genders. Grip strength performances were comparable between groups. The PAL, regardless of gender, was found to be significantly and negatively correlated with all AIs and BF%. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that high habitual physical activity level mediates body size and composition among young adults.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages5-5
    Number of pages1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2019
    Event5th International Scientific Conference on Exercise and Quality of Life - Novi Sad, Serbia
    Duration: 11 Apr 201913 Apr 2019

    Conference

    Conference5th International Scientific Conference on Exercise and Quality of Life
    CountrySerbia
    CityNovi Sad
    Period11/04/1913/04/19

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