Use of the Algerian natural pozzolan for the production of a geopolymer as a complete cement replacement

Oualid Mahieddine Hamdi, Ali Ahmed-Chaouch, Messaoud Saidani, Hichem Alioui

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3 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper investigates the use of the Algerian Beni Saf natural Pozzolan (BSP) to produce a geopolymer (GP) as a complete replacement material for the traditional binder of OPC. No such study has been carried out on using the Algerian BSP for GP synthesis, especially as the latter’s properties have a high dependency on the precursor material characteristics. The research sets to establish the optimal combination of alkaline activators that corresponds to the BSP, sand content, and curing temperature. A series of experiments were carried out on BSP-based GP mortars in fresh and hardened states to investigate properties such workability, CS, and FS at 3, 7, 28, and 90 days. Selected GP samples were subjected to microstructure characterization experiments, including FTIR and SEM-EDS. The results have shown that workability is greatly affected by the studied parameters. The optimal values of CS and FS at 28 days were 38 and 12 MPa, respectively. These were obtained for sand/pozzolan ratio, Si/Al, Si/Na, and temperature equal to 2.5, 6.1, 2, and 80 °C respectively. The microstructure analyses also revealed a considerable change in the microstructure GP samples.
Original languageEnglish
Article number132723
Number of pages14
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Early online date5 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (


  • Geopolymer mortar
  • Natural pozzolan
  • Mechanical strength
  • Workability
  • Alkalin solution
  • Microstructure


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