Urban aquatic pollution in Brazil

Felippe Fernandes, Paulo Roberto Bairros Da Silva, Cristiano Poleto, Susanne M. Charlesworth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


One of the greatest problems observed in Brazilian urban watersheds is the amount of solid residue, domestic sewerage, and sediments that is disposed in rivers and streams. This chapter reviews the current environmental assessment approaches in use around three Brazilian states and some key issues in the field of sediment contamination, identifying areas requiring additional future attention. Despite the problems associated with effluent discharges, contaminated sites, and water quality standards, ecological risk assessment approaches have been introduced in South American countries. Many of the studies carried out on urban aquatic systems in Brazil have identified the role of wastewaters and sewage in their contamination. The water resources of the Rio Grande do Sul State have been the subject of numerous studies over the past decades, with regard to morphological sedimentological, physical, chemical, and biological aspects. Urban watercourses in São Paulo state suffer from the same environmental problems as Rio Grande Do Sul and Paraná.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrban Pollution
Subtitle of host publicationScience and Management
EditorsSusanne M Charlesworth, Colin Booth
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781119260493
ISBN (Print)9781119260486
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2018


  • Brazil
  • Ecological risk assessment
  • Environmental assessment approaches
  • Rio Grande do Sul State
  • Urban aquatic systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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