Universality is one of the essential concepts in statistical physics. It means that the typical behaviour of a macroscopic system consisting of many interacting agents is independent of the system's structural details. This concept gains more and more popularity, not only in purely physical problems, but also in general scientific and cultural contexts. In this paper the concepts and methods of statistical physics and complex networks science are used for the detection and quantitative description of universal properties of social networks of Bylyny characters. Bylyny are heroic epics of eastern Slavs. We consider the epics covering the heyday of the Kyivan Rus (end of the tenth century to the middle of the twelfth century). By this analysis, we continue a series of works initiated in [P. Mac Carron, R. Kenna, EPL 99, 28002 (2012); P. Mac Carron, R. Kenna, Eur. Phys. J. B 86, 407 (2013)], where such quantitative methods were used to analyse several prominent European epics. The method we are using allows obtaining additional reasoning on some hypotheses about the origin of Bylyny characters and their connection to the historical figures. By comparing our results with those previously obtained, one can detect common (universal) characteristics of various epic narratives. These properties remain unchanged in time and are shared by different cultures. Thus, epics have universal properties, allowing for an additional classification based on their quantitative analysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)