Universal Li-Ion Cell Electro-Thermal Model

Richard Stocker, Asim Mumtaz, Paramjeet ., Michele Braglia, Neophytos Lophitis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    19 Downloads (Pure)


    This article describes and verifies a Li-ion cell electrothermal model and the associated data analysis process. It is designed to be adaptable and provide accurate results across all variations of operating conditions and cell design based only on the time-domain voltage, current, and temperature measurements. The creation of this model required an analysis process ensuring consistency in expressing the underlying cell behavior. This revealed a flexible modeling structure adaptable both to cell performance variations and the limitations of the available test data. The model has been created with a combined thermal and electrical approach enabling 1-D nodal distribution adaptable to both cylindrical and prismatic cells. These features combine with an intelligent parameter identification process identifying model structure and parameterization across the usage range, adaptable to any nickel-manganese-cobalt Li-ion cell. It is designed to retain physical meaning and representation to each circuit element across the temperature operating range. The model is verified in several different operating conditions through representative automotive cycling on an 18 650 cell and a BEV2 format prismatic cell, representing the extremes of automotive cell design. The consistency of the model parameters with real phenomena is also analyzed and validated against electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number9061050
    Pages (from-to)6-15
    Number of pages10
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
    Issue number1
    Early online date8 Apr 2020
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Bibliographical note

    © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.


    • Battery cell
    • lithium-ion
    • model
    • simulation
    • time domain

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Automotive Engineering
    • Transportation
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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