Unintended Outcomes of the EHEA and ASEAN: Peripheral Members and their Facade Conformity

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This chapter analyses some unintended outcomes and challenges, such as the emergence of sub-circuits for student mobility, the increase of private providers, and corruption in higher education occurred in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the Association of South-East Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) Common Space for Higher Education. These unintended outcomes constitute the vulnerability, disengagement or superficial conformity to regional agreements of newer member countries.
The chapter asks what causes unintended outcomes in the regional processes and why the peripheral status of newer members continues to persist to the detriment of regional integration. Drawing on empirical data of national higher education reforms in newer members and comparing regional projects in Asia and Europe, the author argues that the dysfunction and transformation of nation-states and weak governance structures can be seen as causes of these unintended outcomes.
Furthermore, new sub-regional economic projects and influx of multiple international influences also cause façade conformity and complex reconfigurations of higher education systems in the newer members. Understanding of different unintended outcomes and their causes will help devise future priorities for the EHEA and ASEAN.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Higher Education Area
Subtitle of host publicationThe Impact of Past and Future Policies
EditorsAndrian Curaj, Ligia Deca, Remus Pricopie
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781784712358
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-77407-7
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2018 The Author(s)
This chapter is published under an open access license. Please check the 'Copyright Information' section either on this page or in the PDF for details of this license and what re-use is permitted.


  • Bologna process
  • Diversification of Higher Education
  • EHEA Education, reserach and innovation
  • European Education Policies
  • European Higher Education Area
  • Evidence-based policies in Higher Education
  • Higher education financing and governance
  • Internationalization of Higher Education
  • Social dimensions of equity of higher education


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