Twenty-four-hour movement behaviours and fundamental movement skills in preschool children: A compositional and isotemporal substitution analysis

Jessica Mota, Cain Clark, Thaynã Alves Bezerra , Luis Lemos, Cézane Priscilla Reuter , Jorge Mota, Michael Duncan, Clarice Martins

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    11 Citations (Scopus)
    38 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Studies that have analysed the association between the different movement behaviours and fundamental movement skills (FMS) have considered it in an independent manner, disregarding the compositional nature of 24-h movement behaviours (24-h MB). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the 24-h MB and FMS in preschoolers using a compositional data analysis. Two hundred and four preschoolers (4.5 ± 0.8 years old; 101 boys) provided objectively assessed physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) data (Actigraph wGT3X), and FMS (TGMD-2). Sleep duration (SD) was reported by parents. Association of daily composition of movement behaviours with FMS was explored using compositional analysis and isotemporal substitution (R Core Team, 3.6.1). When considered as a 24-h MB composition (PA, SB and SD), adjusted for age, BMI and sex, the composition predicted locomotor (r 2 = 0.31), object control (r 2 = 0.19), and total motor score (r 2 = 0.35), respectively (all P < 0.001). Reallocation of time from light to moderate-to-vigorous PA was associated with greatest positive changes in total motor score. Achieving adequate balance between movement behaviours over the 24-h period, and its relationship with locomotor and object control skills should be considered and further investigated in early childhood.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2071-2079
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
    Volume38
    Issue number18
    Early online date7 Jun 2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2020

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 07/06/2020, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/ 10.1080/02640414.2020.1770415

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

    Keywords

    • 24-hour movement behaviours
    • compositional analysis
    • fundamental movement skills
    • preschoolers

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