Turbulent diffusion of magnetic fields in weakly ionized gas

Eun Jin Kim, P. H. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diffusion of unidirectional magnetic fields by two-dimensional turbulent flows in a weakly ionized gas is studied. The fields here are orthogonal to the plane of fluid motion. This simple model arises in the context of the decay of the mean magnetic flux-to-mass ratio in the interstellar medium. When ions are strongly coupled to neutrals, the transport of a large-scale magnetic field is driven by both turbulent mixing and nonlinear, ambipolar drift. Using a standard homogeneous and Gaussian statistical model for turbulence, we show rigorously that a large-scale magnetic field can decay on turbulent mixing timescales when the field and neutral flow are strongly coupled. There is no enhancement of the decay rate by ambipolar diffusion. These results extend the Zeldovich theorem to encompass the regime of two-dimensional flows and orthogonal magnetic fields, recently considered by Zweibel. The limitation of the strong coupling approximation and its implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L113–L116
Number of pages4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume578
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • ISM: magnetic fields
  • Magnetic fields
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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