The four-ball tester was used in this analysis to demonstrate the lubricity of tire pyrolysis oil (TPO). The tribological performance of the tire pyrolysis oil was compared with diesel fuel (DF) and their blends, DT10 (TPO 10%, Diesel 90%) and DT20 (TPO 20%, Diesel 80%). A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to investigate the wear scar. In contrast to diesel fuel, TPO demonstrated better antiwear behaviour in terms of higher load-carrying capacity. DT10, DT20, and TPO’s wear scar diameter (WSD) was 22.35%, 16.01%, and 31.99% smaller than that of diesel at 80 kg load, respectively. The scanning electron microscope micrographs showed that the TPO and DT10 had less wear than their counterparts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) of Malaysia (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)-203.PMEKANIK.6071444).
Acknowledgments: The authors would like to acknowledge the Universiti Sains Malaysia for financial support toward this study.
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Diesel fuel
- Sustainable development
- Sustainable materials
- Tire pyrolysis oil
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry