Trends in eVTOL Aircraft Development: The Concepts, Enablers and Challenges

Osita Ugwueze, Thomas Statheros, Mike Bromfield, Nadjim Horri

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

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By the second quarter of 2022, over 500 eVTOL concepts have been unveiled. However, only less than 5% of the concepts have achieved first flight due to the infancy of this industry. To keep track of these developments and the emerging Urban Air Mobility landscape, a technical research database has been developed to compare concepts, performance and safety based on published data and independent analyses. The database suggests that the UK and the USA have a commanding share of eVTOL aircraft in development at 56%. As with the development of early powered aircraft, design concepts are continuously evolving, benefitting from modern optimization design and aircraft sizing methods. As a result of this, certain concepts will likely see accelerated 'natural selection'. This paper presents data and metrics that provide insight into this new vehicle landscape. It reviews the current global eVTOL landscape as of 2022 and explores the technological progress enabling the development of these aircraft. Current and future challenges these aircraft may experience are also explored. This paper is intended as a reference source to industry and academia.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2023
EventAIAA Scitech 2023 forum - National Harbor, United States
Duration: 23 Jan 202327 Jan 2023


ConferenceAIAA Scitech 2023 forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNational Harbor
Internet address


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