Acute (96 h) semi-static toxicity tests were conducted by exposing the freshwater fish, Melanotenia fluviatilis, to atrazine and molinate in laboratory and river water both with and without sediment. The 96-h EC50 (imbalance) values of atrazine to M. fluviatilis ranged from 5.6 to 10.4 mg L-1 while the corresponding values for molinate ranged from 7.9 to 14.8 mg L -1, respectively. Atrazine was classed as having moderate toxicity while molinate had low to moderate toxicity to M. fluviatilis. Neither the presence of river water nor sediment significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the bioavailability of either herbicide to M. fluviatilis. A series of other studies by the authors have found that sediment significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the bioavailability of these two chemicals to a variety of organisms. Reasons for sediment having no effect for this species were examined. This lack of effect by sediment is most likely due to the relative rates of absorption into the fish and adsorption onto the sediment. However, contributions to this outcome by resuspended sediment, contaminated food and a combined effect of the herbicides and sediment could not be excluded.
- River water
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal