Towards the Development of an Empirical Model for Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence from the Middle East

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Academic research suggests that variances in contextual dynamics, and more specifically religion, may lead to disparate perceptions and practices of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Driven by the increased geopolitical and economic importance of the Middle East and identified gaps in knowledge, the study aims to examine if indeed there is a divergent form of CSR exercised in the region. The study identifies unique CSR dimensions and constructs presented through an empirical framework in order to outline the practice and sense-making of CSR in a context with strong Islamic beliefs. The framework goes beyond the platform of mere Islamic philanthropy and is based on CSR-stakeholder management practices. Following an exploratory research design and collecting interview data from representatives of 63 organisations from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, the study offers a snapshot of the CSR reality from the perspective of those living the phenomenon. The results suggest that the practice and sense-making of CSR in the examined context is largely grounded in the areas of social and altruistic actions but they cannot be examined in isolation from the religious context of CSR operation. This focus is mainly attributed to the dominant role of Islam in the examined sample, which leads to forms of non-structured or semi-structured approaches to CSR. Apart from the significant contributions to the CSR literature, the study also offers important contributions for practitioners and policy makers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Volume(In-press)
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Feb 2020

Fingerprint

social responsibility
Middle East
evidence
Empirical model
Corporate Social Responsibility
Oman
philanthropy
United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia
Islam
research planning
social isolation
Religion
stakeholder

Keywords

  • CSR
  • Islam
  • Islamic CSR
  • Middle East
  • Grounded Theory

Cite this

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title = "Towards the Development of an Empirical Model for Islamic Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence from the Middle East",
abstract = "Academic research suggests that variances in contextual dynamics, and more specifically religion, may lead to disparate perceptions and practices of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Driven by the increased geopolitical and economic importance of the Middle East and identified gaps in knowledge, the study aims to examine if indeed there is a divergent form of CSR exercised in the region. The study identifies unique CSR dimensions and constructs presented through an empirical framework in order to outline the practice and sense-making of CSR in a context with strong Islamic beliefs. The framework goes beyond the platform of mere Islamic philanthropy and is based on CSR-stakeholder management practices. Following an exploratory research design and collecting interview data from representatives of 63 organisations from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, the study offers a snapshot of the CSR reality from the perspective of those living the phenomenon. The results suggest that the practice and sense-making of CSR in the examined context is largely grounded in the areas of social and altruistic actions but they cannot be examined in isolation from the religious context of CSR operation. This focus is mainly attributed to the dominant role of Islam in the examined sample, which leads to forms of non-structured or semi-structured approaches to CSR. Apart from the significant contributions to the CSR literature, the study also offers important contributions for practitioners and policy makers.",
keywords = "CSR, Islam, Islamic CSR, Middle East, Grounded Theory",
author = "Petya Koleva",
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AB - Academic research suggests that variances in contextual dynamics, and more specifically religion, may lead to disparate perceptions and practices of corporate social responsibility (CSR). Driven by the increased geopolitical and economic importance of the Middle East and identified gaps in knowledge, the study aims to examine if indeed there is a divergent form of CSR exercised in the region. The study identifies unique CSR dimensions and constructs presented through an empirical framework in order to outline the practice and sense-making of CSR in a context with strong Islamic beliefs. The framework goes beyond the platform of mere Islamic philanthropy and is based on CSR-stakeholder management practices. Following an exploratory research design and collecting interview data from representatives of 63 organisations from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman, the study offers a snapshot of the CSR reality from the perspective of those living the phenomenon. The results suggest that the practice and sense-making of CSR in the examined context is largely grounded in the areas of social and altruistic actions but they cannot be examined in isolation from the religious context of CSR operation. This focus is mainly attributed to the dominant role of Islam in the examined sample, which leads to forms of non-structured or semi-structured approaches to CSR. Apart from the significant contributions to the CSR literature, the study also offers important contributions for practitioners and policy makers.

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