Tool wear of advanced coated tools in drilling of CFRP

Sam Swan, Mohammad Sayem Bin Abdullah, Dave Kim, Dinh Nguyen, Patrick Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of super-hard ceramic coatings by evaluating tool wear when drilling carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP) composite. The drilling experiments of CFRP are conducted with diamond-like carbon (DLC) coated, AlMgB 14 (BAM) coated, AlCrN and Si 3 N 4 and TiN (simply denoted as (AlCrSi/Ti)N) coated, and uncoated tungsten carbide drills. Each coating, dictated by its unique processing technique, provides unique thickness and morphology, and its physical properties, which makes the comparison among the coatings much difficult but enables to deduce the desirable attributes in the prospective coating ideally suited in drilling CFRP. To do so, after the drilling experiments, the tool wear was captured using the scanning electron and confocal laser scanning microscopes to construct the wear evolution that enables us to evaluate each coating qualitatively as well as quantitatively. Among the drills tested, the (AlCrSi/Ti)N-coated drills provided the best performance despite of the fact that (AlCrSi/Ti)N coating particularly are not harder than any other coating. The superior performance of the (AlCrSi/Ti)N coating can be explained by the comparable stiffness to the carbide substrate, 7.3 lm-thick coating consisting of the numerous nanoscale alternating layers between nanocomposite of AlCrN and Si 3 N 4 and TiN coatings and the enhanced adhesion, which provide the effective cutting of carbon fibers. However, the thin DLC coating despite of its superior hardness and the BAM coating despite of its low friction did not perform at the level that the (AlCrSi/Ti)N coating was able to achieve.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111018
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number11
Early online date7 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2018 by ASME.


Funding Information:
The authors appreciate Mr. Jeff Lantrip from the Boeing Research and Technology group for his supervision, the generous financial support of the NSF I/UCRC Advanced Cutting Tool Technology Center, and the Boeing Company.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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