Too Sick to Drive: How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance

Joseph Smyth, Paul Jennings, Alex Mouzakitis, Stewart Birrell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

2 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There are multiple concerns surrounding the development and rollout of self-driving cars. One issue has largely gone unnoticed - the adverse effects of motion sickness as induced by self-driving cars. The literature suggests conditionally, highly and fully autonomous vehicles will increase the onset likelihood and severity of motion sickness. Previous research has shown motion sickness can have a significant negative impact on human performance. This paper uses a simulator study design with 51 participants to assess if the scale of motion sickness is a predictor of human performance degradation. This paper finds little proof that subjective motion sickness severity is an effective indicator of the scale of human performance degradation. The performance change of participants with lower subjective motion sickness is mostly statistically indistinguishable from those with higher subjective sickness. Conclusively, those with even acute motion sickness may be just as affected as those with higher sickness, considering human performance. Building on these results, it could indicate motion sickness should be a consideration for understanding user ability to regain control of a self-driving vehicle, even if not feeling subjectively unwell. Effectiveness of subjective scoring is discussed and future research is proposed to help ensure the successful rollout of self-driving vehicles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1787-1793
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0323-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0321-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018 - Maui, United States
Duration: 4 Nov 20187 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC
Volume2018-November

Conference

Conference21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityMaui
Period4/11/187/11/18

Fingerprint

Railroad cars
Degradation
Regain
Simulators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Smyth, J., Jennings, P., Mouzakitis, A., & Birrell, S. (2018). Too Sick to Drive: How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance. In 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) (pp. 1787-1793). [8569572] (IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC; Vol. 2018-November). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572

Too Sick to Drive : How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance. / Smyth, Joseph; Jennings, Paul; Mouzakitis, Alex; Birrell, Stewart.

2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. p. 1787-1793 8569572 (IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC; Vol. 2018-November).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Smyth, J, Jennings, P, Mouzakitis, A & Birrell, S 2018, Too Sick to Drive: How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance. in 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)., 8569572, IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC, vol. 2018-November, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 1787-1793, 21st IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2018, Maui, United States, 4/11/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572
Smyth J, Jennings P, Mouzakitis A, Birrell S. Too Sick to Drive: How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance. In 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2018. p. 1787-1793. 8569572. (IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC). https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572
Smyth, Joseph ; Jennings, Paul ; Mouzakitis, Alex ; Birrell, Stewart. / Too Sick to Drive : How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance. 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. pp. 1787-1793 (IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC).
@inproceedings{c0eb0872987b4066bdcd3c699f5144b7,
title = "Too Sick to Drive: How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance",
abstract = "There are multiple concerns surrounding the development and rollout of self-driving cars. One issue has largely gone unnoticed - the adverse effects of motion sickness as induced by self-driving cars. The literature suggests conditionally, highly and fully autonomous vehicles will increase the onset likelihood and severity of motion sickness. Previous research has shown motion sickness can have a significant negative impact on human performance. This paper uses a simulator study design with 51 participants to assess if the scale of motion sickness is a predictor of human performance degradation. This paper finds little proof that subjective motion sickness severity is an effective indicator of the scale of human performance degradation. The performance change of participants with lower subjective motion sickness is mostly statistically indistinguishable from those with higher subjective sickness. Conclusively, those with even acute motion sickness may be just as affected as those with higher sickness, considering human performance. Building on these results, it could indicate motion sickness should be a consideration for understanding user ability to regain control of a self-driving vehicle, even if not feeling subjectively unwell. Effectiveness of subjective scoring is discussed and future research is proposed to help ensure the successful rollout of self-driving vehicles.",
author = "Joseph Smyth and Paul Jennings and Alex Mouzakitis and Stewart Birrell",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-7281-0321-1",
series = "IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
pages = "1787--1793",
booktitle = "2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Too Sick to Drive

T2 - How Motion Sickness Severity Impacts Human Performance

AU - Smyth, Joseph

AU - Jennings, Paul

AU - Mouzakitis, Alex

AU - Birrell, Stewart

PY - 2018/12/10

Y1 - 2018/12/10

N2 - There are multiple concerns surrounding the development and rollout of self-driving cars. One issue has largely gone unnoticed - the adverse effects of motion sickness as induced by self-driving cars. The literature suggests conditionally, highly and fully autonomous vehicles will increase the onset likelihood and severity of motion sickness. Previous research has shown motion sickness can have a significant negative impact on human performance. This paper uses a simulator study design with 51 participants to assess if the scale of motion sickness is a predictor of human performance degradation. This paper finds little proof that subjective motion sickness severity is an effective indicator of the scale of human performance degradation. The performance change of participants with lower subjective motion sickness is mostly statistically indistinguishable from those with higher subjective sickness. Conclusively, those with even acute motion sickness may be just as affected as those with higher sickness, considering human performance. Building on these results, it could indicate motion sickness should be a consideration for understanding user ability to regain control of a self-driving vehicle, even if not feeling subjectively unwell. Effectiveness of subjective scoring is discussed and future research is proposed to help ensure the successful rollout of self-driving vehicles.

AB - There are multiple concerns surrounding the development and rollout of self-driving cars. One issue has largely gone unnoticed - the adverse effects of motion sickness as induced by self-driving cars. The literature suggests conditionally, highly and fully autonomous vehicles will increase the onset likelihood and severity of motion sickness. Previous research has shown motion sickness can have a significant negative impact on human performance. This paper uses a simulator study design with 51 participants to assess if the scale of motion sickness is a predictor of human performance degradation. This paper finds little proof that subjective motion sickness severity is an effective indicator of the scale of human performance degradation. The performance change of participants with lower subjective motion sickness is mostly statistically indistinguishable from those with higher subjective sickness. Conclusively, those with even acute motion sickness may be just as affected as those with higher sickness, considering human performance. Building on these results, it could indicate motion sickness should be a consideration for understanding user ability to regain control of a self-driving vehicle, even if not feeling subjectively unwell. Effectiveness of subjective scoring is discussed and future research is proposed to help ensure the successful rollout of self-driving vehicles.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060492720&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572

DO - 10.1109/ITSC.2018.8569572

M3 - Conference proceeding

SN - 978-1-7281-0321-1

T3 - IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC

SP - 1787

EP - 1793

BT - 2018 21st International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -