To Which World Regions Does the Valence-Dominance Model of Social Perception Apply?

Benedict Jones, Lisa DeBruine, Jessica Flake, Balazs Aczel, Matus Adamkovic, Ravin Alaei, Sinan Alper, Sara Solas, Michael Andreychik, Daniel Ansari, Jack Arnal, Peter Babinčák, Benjamin Balas, Gabriel Baník, Krystian Barzykowski, Ernest Baskin, Carlota Batres, Jennifer Beaudry, Khandis Blake, Nicholas BloxsomMartha Borras-Guevara, Mark Brandt, Debora Burin, Dustin Calvillo, Lilian Carvalho, Priyanka Chandel, Armand Chatard, Sau-Chin Chen, Coralie Chevallier, William Chopik, Cody Christopherson, Vinet Coetzee, Nicholas Coles, Melissa Colloff, Corey Cook, Matthew Crawford, Alexander Danvers, Tiago de Lima, Barnaby Dixson, Tiantian Dong, Vilius Dranseika, Yarrow Dunham, Thomas Evans, AnaMaria Fernandez, Paulo R. S. Ferreira, Heather D. Flowe, Patrick S. Forscher, Gwendolyn Gardiner, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Michael Gilead, Tripat Gill, Taylor D. Gogan, Isaac González-Santoyo, Amanda Hahn, Nándor Hajdú, Javid Hatami, Eric Hehman, Chuan-Peng Hu, Hans IJzerman, Michael Inzlicht, Natalia Irrazabal, Bastian Jaeger, Chaning Jang, Steve M. J. Janssen, Zhongqing Jiang, Julia Jünger, Pavol Kačmár, Gwenaël Kaminski, Aycan Kapucu, Aslan Karaaslan, Monica A. Koehn, Vanja Kovic, Pratibha Kujur, Chun-Chia Kung, Claus Lamm, Ai-Suan Lee, Nicole Legate, JuanDavid Leongómez, Carmel A. Levitan, Hause Lin, Samuel Lins, Qinglan Liu, MarcoTullio Liuzza, Johannes Lutz, Harry Manley, Tara Marshall, Georgina W. Mburu, Randy J. McCarthy, Nicholas M. Michalak, Jeremy K. Miller, JoseAntonio Muñoz Reyes, Erica D. Musser, Lison Neyroud, Tonje K. Nielsen, Erin M. O'Mara, Ceylan Okan, Julian A. Oldmeadow, Jerome Olsen, Asil A. Özdoğru, Babita Pande, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Arti Parganiha, Noorshama Parveen, Gerit Pfuhl, Michael C. Phillip, Isabel R. Pinto, Pablo Polo, Sraddha Pradhan, John Protzko, Yue Qi, Dongning Ren, Ivan Ropovik, Nicholas O. Rule, Waldir M. Sampaio, Oscar R. Sanchez, Diana R. Santos, Elisa Sarda, S. Adil Saribay, Blair Saunders, Vidar Schei, Christoph Schild, Irina Schmid, Kathleen Schmidt, Martin Seehuus, Mohammad H. Sharifian, Victor K. M. Shiramizu, Almog Simchon, Margaret M. Singh, Miroslav Sirota, Guyan Sloane, Ian D. Stephen, Stefan Stieger, Daniel Storage, Juncai Sun, Therese E Sverdrup, Peter Szecsi, Christian K. Tamnes, Chrystalle B.Y. Tan, KokWei Tan, Martin Thirkettle, Enrique Turiegano, Kim Uittenhove, Heather L. Urry, Miguel A. Vadillo, Eugenio Valderrama, Jaroslava Valentova, Nicolas Van der Linden, Wolf Vanpaemel, Marco A.C. Varella, Milena Vásquez-Amézquita , LeighAnn Vaughn, Evie Vergauwe, Michelangelo Vianello, Martin Voracek, David White, Megan L. Willis, John Paul Wilson, Anna Wlodarczyk, Qi Wi, Sally Y. Xie, Wen-Jing Yan, Xin Yang, Ilya Zakharov, Ingo Zettler, Janis H. Zickfield, Christopher R. Chartier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Over the last ten years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence-dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgments of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear whether these findings apply to other regions. We addressed this question by replicating Oosterhof and Todorov’s methodology across 11 world regions, 41 countries, and 11,570 participants. When we used Oosterhof and Todorov’s original analysis strategy, the valence-dominance model generalized across regions. When we used an alternative methodology to allow for correlated dimensions we observed much less generalization. Collectively, these results suggest that, while the valence-dominance model generalizes very well across regions when dimensions are forced to be orthogonal, regional differences are revealed when we use different extraction methods, correlate and rotate the dimension reduction solution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalNature Human Behaviour
Volume(In-press)
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2020

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