Forward and backward processes associated with the low-to-high (L-H) transition in magnetically confined fusion plasmas are investigated by using a time-dependent probability density function (PDF) approach and information length diagnostics. Our model is based on the extension of the deterministic prey-predator-type model [Kim and Diamond, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 185006 (2003)] to a stochastic model by including two independent, short-correlated Gaussian noises. The "forward"process consists of ramping up the input power linearly in time so that zonal flows self-regulate with turbulence after their initial growth from turbulence. The "backward"process ramps the power down again, by starting at time t = t∗ when the input power is switched to Q (t) = Q (2 t∗ - t) for t > t*, linearly decreasing with time until t = 2 t*. Using three choices for Q(t), with differing ramping rates, the time-dependent PDFs are calculated by numerically solving the appropriate Fokker-Planck equation, and several statistical measures including the information length for the forward and backward processes are investigated. The information lengths L x (t) and L v (t) for turbulence and zonal flows, respectively, are path-dependent dimensionless numbers, representing the total number of statistically different states that turbulence and zonal flows evolve through in time t. In particular, PDFs are shown to be strongly non-Gaussian with convoluted structures and multiple peaks, with intermittency in zonal flows playing a key role in turbulence regulation. The stark difference between the forward and backward processes is captured by time-dependent PDFs of turbulence and zonal flows and the corresponding information length diagnostics. The latter are shown to give us a useful insight into understanding the correlation and self-regulation, and transition to the self-regulatory dithering phase.
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This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This article appeared in Hollerbach, R, Kim, E & Schmitz, L 2020, 'Time-dependent probability density functions and information diagnostics in forward and backward processes in a stochastic prey-predator model of fusion plasmas', Physics of Plasmas, vol. 27, no. 10, 102301. and may be found at https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0011473
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Funderthe Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship (RF- 2018-142-9).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics