The sustainability of low-input ruminant farming systems remains poorly understood and evaluation frameworks that adequately capture their complexity are lacking. The multiple goals of producers, multipurpose roles of ruminants, animal welfare issues, credence goods and services of the system are omitted in existing frameworks. In that context, development of a novel comprehensive framework for evaluating the sustainability of the low-put ruminant farming system is important. The current manuscript, therefore, provides an overview of a systemic process for developing a participatory and interdisciplinary methodological framework to measure sustainability of the low-input ruminant farming system. The proposed framework provides guidance on potentially relevant variables and their subcomponents, and for designing appropriate data collection tools, conducting field measurements and analysing results. The suggested framework captures the complex interrelationships within and between dimensions and indicators of sustainability and apply a system dynamics approach to integrate the indicators into an overall measure of the sustainability of a system.
Bibliographical note© 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
FunderDepartment of Science and Technology-National Research Foundation (DST-NRF) Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Food Security (grant number: 140102 ) and NRF – Research and Technology Fund (grant number 98704 )
- Low-input ruminant farming
- Sustainability evaluation
- Multifunctional roles
- Credence goods and services
- System dynamics approach
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law