The wear characteristics of a high power diode laser generated glaze on the ordinary Portland cement surface of concrete

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The ordinary Portland cement (OPC) surface layer of concrete, which was glazed using a high power diode laser (HPDL), has been tested in order to determine the wear characteristics of the glaze. The work showed that the generation of a surface glaze resulted in the considerable enhancement of the wear characteristics over an untreated OPC surface of concrete. Within both normal and corrosive (detergent, NaOH and HNO3) environmental conditions the wear rate of the HPDL generated glaze was 3.5 mg cm-2 h-1. In contrast, the untreated OPC surface of concrete exhibited a wear rate of 9.8-114.8 mg cm-2 h-1 when exposed to the various reagents. Life assessment testing revealed that the laser glazed OPC surfaces effected an increase in actual wear life of 1.3-17.7 times over the untreated OPC surface of concrete, depending upon the corrosive environment. The reasons for these marked improvements in the wear resistance and wear life of the HPDL generated glaze over the untreated OPC surface of concrete can be attributed to firstly, the vitrification of the OPC surface after HPDL treatment which subsequently created a much more dense and consolidated surface, and secondly, the generation of a surface with improved microstructure and phase which is more resistant in corrosive environments. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • Concrete
  • High power diode laser (HPDL)
  • Life characteristics
  • Ordinary Portland cement
  • Surface glazing
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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