The strength and conditioning practices and perspectives of soccer coaches and players

Anthony Weldon, Sing T. Wong, Nuno Mateus, Michael J. Duncan, Neil D. Clarke, Matthew Pears, Adam L. Owen, Chris Bishop

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)
    311 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Strength and conditioning (S&C) is implemented across various sports and levels, but there is limited understanding of the personnel responsible for this, including their S&C practices and perspectives. Whereas recent evidence has shown that coaches and players are often tasked with the responsibility. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate: 1) the personnel responsible for delivering S&C across different levels of soccer, 2) the practices and perspectives of soccer coaches and players, and 3) to ascertain whether the practices employed align with contemporary evidence and guidelines. Forty-two soccer coaches and 30 soccer players completed an online survey with six sections: (a) informed consent, (b) background information, (c) education, qualifications, and prescription, (d) views on S&C, (e) exercise selection and preferences, and (f) issues and improvements. Frequency analysis was used to report responses to fixed-response questions and thematic analysis for open-ended questions. Most respondents reported S&C to be ‘important’ to ‘very important’ for all soccer, physical fitness, and injury parameters, with perspectives being predominantly aligned with S&C guidelines and research in soccer. Although S&C coaches were mostly responsible for delivering S&C sessions, over 60% of respondents disclosed S&C sessions were delivered independently or by support staff. This is problematic given only four coaches held S&C qualifications, and issues and improvements were mostly regarding a lack of S&C expertise and education. This study provides valuable information for S&C and soccer organizations. Particularly regarding the additional support required to ensure those responsible for delivering S&C in soccer have the appropriate knowledge and qualifications.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)742-760
    Number of pages19
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
    Volume17
    Issue number4
    Early online date13 Jan 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders
    .
    This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.

    Keywords

    • association football
    • injury rehabilitation
    • plyometrics
    • power
    • resistance training
    • sport specific training

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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