The Scientific Approach of The Indonesian 2013 Curriculum: A Comparison with Other Active Learning Strategies in Mathematics

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Abstract

The Indonesian 2013 curriculum is an improvement on the previous curriculum, namely the Education Unit Level Curriculum (KTSP). The implementation of the 2013 curriculum strongly emphasizes a Scientific Approach with student-centred learning to prepare Indonesian citizens to have the ability to live as individuals and citizens who are productive, creative, and innovative. The Scientific Approach is a learning process designed so that students actively construct concepts and principles through the stages of observing, asking, exploring, associating, and communicating. The purpose of this study is to compare the principles of the Scientific Approach of the 2013 curriculum with four different active learning strategies, namely Discovery Learning (DL); Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL); Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and Realistic Mathematics Education (RME). The result of this study is the recommendation of a dynamic modification of the Scientific Approach in the 2013 curriculum.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-171
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Research in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Keywords

  • Scientific Approach;
  • Discovery Learning
  • Inquiry-Based Learning
  • Problem-Based Learning
  • Mathematics Education

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