The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles

Clive Winters, John Dodd, Keith Harrison

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    7 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Cities are widely recognised as playing a fundamental role in the promotion of the knowledge economy but most research and policy has focussed on large cities with World-class educational and research institutes and advanced clusters of economic activity. There are clear and significant gaps in the knowledge of how smaller sized cities, with different levels and types of knowledge institutions and different levels of economic activity can compete within the Knowledge Economy. Yet such cities are recognised within European Union policy as playing a vital role in the implementation of the Lisbon agenda. This paper summarises the development phase of the URBACT II Thematic Network RUnUP (The Role of Universities for Economic Development in Urban Poles) and the perspectives of the 9 partner medium-sized European Cities in the Knowledge Economy. The network has addressed in a uniquely different way the fundamental issues of how universities should engage with their local communities with a particular focus on medium-sized cities; the role of local authorities and municipalities and the importance of triple helix structures for supporting economic development and encouraging entrepreneurship. The network has provided a unique opportunity to examine the role of universities in urban poles from the perspective of Local Government, given the constitution of the 9 partner cities rather than a traditional model taking Universities as the point of reference. In the development phase this unique perspective has provided valuable insights; namely that; Universities are positioned as mechanisms for research and development and subsequently licensing, patenting and spin-outs (and this is reinforced in European and National policies), although this may not be where their potential for supporting local economic development truly exists; that Local Government organisations see Universities primarily as vehicles for Education and Research & Development and expect them to support the development of their local economy by default although universities operate in regional, national and international markets and are not entirely (if at all) aligned to local priorities; and that an economic development perspective examining the needs of the local economy, its modernisation, transformation, transplantation and new sector creation establishes common ground where local priorities can be articulated and the role of the university in this context can be openly explored and suitable knowledge transfer approaches defined in support of triple-helix development Publisher statement: Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright © 2013
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTowns in a Rural World
    EditorsTeresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen, Peter Nijkamp
    Place of PublicationFarnham, Surrey
    PublisherAshgate
    Pages213-229
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4094-0692-1
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

    Fingerprint

    Pole
    university
    economics
    knowledge economy
    local economy
    university organization
    knowledge transfer
    research facility
    large city
    entrepreneurship
    research and development
    municipality
    modernization
    constitution
    promotion
    town
    market

    Bibliographical note

    Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright © 2013

    Keywords

    • Knowledge Economy
    • University-Business Interaction
    • Medium-Sized Cities

    Cite this

    Winters, C., Dodd, J., & Harrison, K. (2013). The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles. In T. D. N. Vaz, E. V. Leeuwen, & P. Nijkamp (Eds.), Towns in a Rural World (pp. 213-229). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.

    The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles. / Winters, Clive; Dodd, John; Harrison, Keith.

    Towns in a Rural World. ed. / Teresa de Noronha Vaz; Eveline van Leeuwen; Peter Nijkamp. Farnham, Surrey : Ashgate, 2013. p. 213-229.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Winters, C, Dodd, J & Harrison, K 2013, The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles. in TDN Vaz, EV Leeuwen & P Nijkamp (eds), Towns in a Rural World. Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, pp. 213-229.
    Winters C, Dodd J, Harrison K. The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles. In Vaz TDN, Leeuwen EV, Nijkamp P, editors, Towns in a Rural World. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate. 2013. p. 213-229
    Winters, Clive ; Dodd, John ; Harrison, Keith. / The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles. Towns in a Rural World. editor / Teresa de Noronha Vaz ; Eveline van Leeuwen ; Peter Nijkamp. Farnham, Surrey : Ashgate, 2013. pp. 213-229
    @inbook{b1656b48ffcf4e9db45d3d9469e95d0f,
    title = "The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles",
    abstract = "Cities are widely recognised as playing a fundamental role in the promotion of the knowledge economy but most research and policy has focussed on large cities with World-class educational and research institutes and advanced clusters of economic activity. There are clear and significant gaps in the knowledge of how smaller sized cities, with different levels and types of knowledge institutions and different levels of economic activity can compete within the Knowledge Economy. Yet such cities are recognised within European Union policy as playing a vital role in the implementation of the Lisbon agenda. This paper summarises the development phase of the URBACT II Thematic Network RUnUP (The Role of Universities for Economic Development in Urban Poles) and the perspectives of the 9 partner medium-sized European Cities in the Knowledge Economy. The network has addressed in a uniquely different way the fundamental issues of how universities should engage with their local communities with a particular focus on medium-sized cities; the role of local authorities and municipalities and the importance of triple helix structures for supporting economic development and encouraging entrepreneurship. The network has provided a unique opportunity to examine the role of universities in urban poles from the perspective of Local Government, given the constitution of the 9 partner cities rather than a traditional model taking Universities as the point of reference. In the development phase this unique perspective has provided valuable insights; namely that; Universities are positioned as mechanisms for research and development and subsequently licensing, patenting and spin-outs (and this is reinforced in European and National policies), although this may not be where their potential for supporting local economic development truly exists; that Local Government organisations see Universities primarily as vehicles for Education and Research & Development and expect them to support the development of their local economy by default although universities operate in regional, national and international markets and are not entirely (if at all) aligned to local priorities; and that an economic development perspective examining the needs of the local economy, its modernisation, transformation, transplantation and new sector creation establishes common ground where local priorities can be articulated and the role of the university in this context can be openly explored and suitable knowledge transfer approaches defined in support of triple-helix development Publisher statement: Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright {\circledC} 2013",
    keywords = "Knowledge Economy, University-Business Interaction, Medium-Sized Cities",
    author = "Clive Winters and John Dodd and Keith Harrison",
    note = "Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright {\circledC} 2013",
    year = "2013",
    month = "7",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "978-1-4094-0692-1",
    pages = "213--229",
    editor = "Vaz, {Teresa de Noronha} and Leeuwen, {Eveline van} and Peter Nijkamp",
    booktitle = "Towns in a Rural World",
    publisher = "Ashgate",
    address = "United Kingdom",

    }

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - The Role of universities for economic development in urban poles

    AU - Winters, Clive

    AU - Dodd, John

    AU - Harrison, Keith

    N1 - Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright © 2013

    PY - 2013/7

    Y1 - 2013/7

    N2 - Cities are widely recognised as playing a fundamental role in the promotion of the knowledge economy but most research and policy has focussed on large cities with World-class educational and research institutes and advanced clusters of economic activity. There are clear and significant gaps in the knowledge of how smaller sized cities, with different levels and types of knowledge institutions and different levels of economic activity can compete within the Knowledge Economy. Yet such cities are recognised within European Union policy as playing a vital role in the implementation of the Lisbon agenda. This paper summarises the development phase of the URBACT II Thematic Network RUnUP (The Role of Universities for Economic Development in Urban Poles) and the perspectives of the 9 partner medium-sized European Cities in the Knowledge Economy. The network has addressed in a uniquely different way the fundamental issues of how universities should engage with their local communities with a particular focus on medium-sized cities; the role of local authorities and municipalities and the importance of triple helix structures for supporting economic development and encouraging entrepreneurship. The network has provided a unique opportunity to examine the role of universities in urban poles from the perspective of Local Government, given the constitution of the 9 partner cities rather than a traditional model taking Universities as the point of reference. In the development phase this unique perspective has provided valuable insights; namely that; Universities are positioned as mechanisms for research and development and subsequently licensing, patenting and spin-outs (and this is reinforced in European and National policies), although this may not be where their potential for supporting local economic development truly exists; that Local Government organisations see Universities primarily as vehicles for Education and Research & Development and expect them to support the development of their local economy by default although universities operate in regional, national and international markets and are not entirely (if at all) aligned to local priorities; and that an economic development perspective examining the needs of the local economy, its modernisation, transformation, transplantation and new sector creation establishes common ground where local priorities can be articulated and the role of the university in this context can be openly explored and suitable knowledge transfer approaches defined in support of triple-helix development Publisher statement: Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright © 2013

    AB - Cities are widely recognised as playing a fundamental role in the promotion of the knowledge economy but most research and policy has focussed on large cities with World-class educational and research institutes and advanced clusters of economic activity. There are clear and significant gaps in the knowledge of how smaller sized cities, with different levels and types of knowledge institutions and different levels of economic activity can compete within the Knowledge Economy. Yet such cities are recognised within European Union policy as playing a vital role in the implementation of the Lisbon agenda. This paper summarises the development phase of the URBACT II Thematic Network RUnUP (The Role of Universities for Economic Development in Urban Poles) and the perspectives of the 9 partner medium-sized European Cities in the Knowledge Economy. The network has addressed in a uniquely different way the fundamental issues of how universities should engage with their local communities with a particular focus on medium-sized cities; the role of local authorities and municipalities and the importance of triple helix structures for supporting economic development and encouraging entrepreneurship. The network has provided a unique opportunity to examine the role of universities in urban poles from the perspective of Local Government, given the constitution of the 9 partner cities rather than a traditional model taking Universities as the point of reference. In the development phase this unique perspective has provided valuable insights; namely that; Universities are positioned as mechanisms for research and development and subsequently licensing, patenting and spin-outs (and this is reinforced in European and National policies), although this may not be where their potential for supporting local economic development truly exists; that Local Government organisations see Universities primarily as vehicles for Education and Research & Development and expect them to support the development of their local economy by default although universities operate in regional, national and international markets and are not entirely (if at all) aligned to local priorities; and that an economic development perspective examining the needs of the local economy, its modernisation, transformation, transplantation and new sector creation establishes common ground where local priorities can be articulated and the role of the university in this context can be openly explored and suitable knowledge transfer approaches defined in support of triple-helix development Publisher statement: Used by permission of the Publishers from ‘The role of universities for economic development in urban poles’, in Towns in a Rural World eds. Teresa de Noronha Vaz, Eveline van Leeuwen and Peter Nijkamp (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), pp. 213–229. Copyright © 2013

    KW - Knowledge Economy

    KW - University-Business Interaction

    KW - Medium-Sized Cities

    M3 - Chapter

    SN - 978-1-4094-0692-1

    SP - 213

    EP - 229

    BT - Towns in a Rural World

    A2 - Vaz, Teresa de Noronha

    A2 - Leeuwen, Eveline van

    A2 - Nijkamp, Peter

    PB - Ashgate

    CY - Farnham, Surrey

    ER -