The role of ECL2 in CGRP receptor activation: A combined modelling and experimental approach

Michael J. Woolley, Harriet A. Watkins, Bruck Taddese, Z. Gamze Karakullukcu, James Barwell, Kevin J. Smith, Debbie L. Hay, David R. Poyner, Christopher A. Reynolds, Alex C. Conner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor is a complex of a cal-citonin receptor-like receptor (CLR), which is a family B G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and receptor activity modifying protein 1. The role of the second extracellular loop (ECL2) of CLR in binding CGRP and coupling to Gs was investigated using a combination of mutagenesis and modelling. An alanine scan of residues 271-294 of CLR showed that the ability of CGRP to produce cAMP was impaired by point mutations at 13 residues; most of these also impaired the response to adrenomedullin (AM). These data were used to select probable ECL2-modelled conformations that are involved in agonist binding, allowing the identification of the likely contacts between the peptide and receptor. The implications of the most likely structures for receptor activation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Royal Society Interface
Volume10
Issue number88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2013 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.

Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Calcitonin receptor-like receptor
  • Class B G-protein-coupled receptor
  • Loop modelling
  • Site-directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Woolley, M. J., Watkins, H. A., Taddese, B., Karakullukcu, Z. G., Barwell, J., Smith, K. J., ... Conner, A. C. (2013). The role of ECL2 in CGRP receptor activation: A combined modelling and experimental approach. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10(88). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.0589