The relationship between resting blood pressure, body mass index and lean body mass index in British children

Michael J. Duncan, Luke James, Layla Griffiths

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood is associated with overweight and obesity. However, lean body mass index (LBMI, cm2/kg) has been suggested as a better means than body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) by which to consider the relations between weight status and health indices in children. Objective: To assess the relationship between resting BP and weight status in youth whilst considering BMI and LBMI when examining this issue. Methods and procedures: Height, body mass and resting blood pressure were assessed in 384 boys and 277 girls, aged 11--14 years from Central England. Results: SBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to overweight and obese children and in overweight compared to obese children (both p == 0.0001). DBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to those classified as overweight (p == 0.006). BMI and LBMI were both significant predictors of SBP and DBP (p == 0.0001). However, LBMI was normally distributed, unlike BMI, and was a better predictor of BP than BMI. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is associated with higher resting BP in British children. However, when examining the effect of weight status on BP, the researcher should consider use of LBMI over BMI.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)324-329
    JournalAnnals of Human Biology
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2011

    Fingerprint

    Body Mass Index
    Blood Pressure
    Weights and Measures
    Obesity
    Health Status Indicators
    Body Height
    England
    Research Personnel
    Hypertension

    Bibliographical note

    The full text of this item is not available from the repository.

    Keywords

    • Body composition
    • anthropometry
    • overweight
    • obesity

    Cite this

    The relationship between resting blood pressure, body mass index and lean body mass index in British children. / Duncan, Michael J.; James, Luke; Griffiths, Layla.

    In: Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 38, No. 3, 05.2011, p. 324-329.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{8f4b5769bf764f31a5c5b537385ceaa2,
    title = "The relationship between resting blood pressure, body mass index and lean body mass index in British children",
    abstract = "Background: Elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood is associated with overweight and obesity. However, lean body mass index (LBMI, cm2/kg) has been suggested as a better means than body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) by which to consider the relations between weight status and health indices in children. Objective: To assess the relationship between resting BP and weight status in youth whilst considering BMI and LBMI when examining this issue. Methods and procedures: Height, body mass and resting blood pressure were assessed in 384 boys and 277 girls, aged 11--14 years from Central England. Results: SBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to overweight and obese children and in overweight compared to obese children (both p == 0.0001). DBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to those classified as overweight (p == 0.006). BMI and LBMI were both significant predictors of SBP and DBP (p == 0.0001). However, LBMI was normally distributed, unlike BMI, and was a better predictor of BP than BMI. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is associated with higher resting BP in British children. However, when examining the effect of weight status on BP, the researcher should consider use of LBMI over BMI.",
    keywords = "Body composition, anthropometry, overweight, obesity",
    author = "Duncan, {Michael J.} and Luke James and Layla Griffiths",
    note = "The full text of this item is not available from the repository.",
    year = "2011",
    month = "5",
    doi = "10.3109/03014460.2010.546811",
    language = "English",
    volume = "38",
    pages = "324--329",
    journal = "Annals of Human Biology",
    issn = "0301-4460",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The relationship between resting blood pressure, body mass index and lean body mass index in British children

    AU - Duncan, Michael J.

    AU - James, Luke

    AU - Griffiths, Layla

    N1 - The full text of this item is not available from the repository.

    PY - 2011/5

    Y1 - 2011/5

    N2 - Background: Elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood is associated with overweight and obesity. However, lean body mass index (LBMI, cm2/kg) has been suggested as a better means than body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) by which to consider the relations between weight status and health indices in children. Objective: To assess the relationship between resting BP and weight status in youth whilst considering BMI and LBMI when examining this issue. Methods and procedures: Height, body mass and resting blood pressure were assessed in 384 boys and 277 girls, aged 11--14 years from Central England. Results: SBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to overweight and obese children and in overweight compared to obese children (both p == 0.0001). DBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to those classified as overweight (p == 0.006). BMI and LBMI were both significant predictors of SBP and DBP (p == 0.0001). However, LBMI was normally distributed, unlike BMI, and was a better predictor of BP than BMI. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is associated with higher resting BP in British children. However, when examining the effect of weight status on BP, the researcher should consider use of LBMI over BMI.

    AB - Background: Elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood is associated with overweight and obesity. However, lean body mass index (LBMI, cm2/kg) has been suggested as a better means than body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) by which to consider the relations between weight status and health indices in children. Objective: To assess the relationship between resting BP and weight status in youth whilst considering BMI and LBMI when examining this issue. Methods and procedures: Height, body mass and resting blood pressure were assessed in 384 boys and 277 girls, aged 11--14 years from Central England. Results: SBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to overweight and obese children and in overweight compared to obese children (both p == 0.0001). DBP was significantly lower in ``normal weight'' children compared to those classified as overweight (p == 0.006). BMI and LBMI were both significant predictors of SBP and DBP (p == 0.0001). However, LBMI was normally distributed, unlike BMI, and was a better predictor of BP than BMI. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is associated with higher resting BP in British children. However, when examining the effect of weight status on BP, the researcher should consider use of LBMI over BMI.

    KW - Body composition

    KW - anthropometry

    KW - overweight

    KW - obesity

    U2 - 10.3109/03014460.2010.546811

    DO - 10.3109/03014460.2010.546811

    M3 - Article

    VL - 38

    SP - 324

    EP - 329

    JO - Annals of Human Biology

    JF - Annals of Human Biology

    SN - 0301-4460

    IS - 3

    ER -