The prevalence and practices of caffeine use as an ergogenic aid in English professional soccer: Caffeine Use In Professional Soccer

Jason Tallis, Neil Clarke, Rhys Morris, Darren Richardson, Matthew Ellis, Emma Eyre, Michael Duncan, Mark Noon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
77 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The ergogenic properties of caffeine are well established, with evidence supporting beneficial effects for physical and technical elements of performance required for successful soccer match play. Despite this, recommended caffeine practices for professional soccer have not been established. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the use and behaviours surrounding caffeine use in elite English soccer clubs. Representatives of 36 clubs from the top four tiers of English professional football (40%) completed an online survey that sought to determine if, when, how and why caffeine was prescribed to players as a means of improving sports performance. Of the clubs sampled, 97% indicated that caffeine is provided to players as a means of improving performance. Caffeine is most commonly administered prior to (> 94%) and during a game (> 48%), with frequency uninfluenced by time of matches. There was a broad range and lack of consistency in the timing, dose and mode of caffeine administration, but doses were typically low. Evidence from the present study indicate a translational gap between science and practice, highlighting a need for future work to better understand how caffeine consumption can be optimised with respect to the specific demands and constraints in professional soccer. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © Biology of Sport 2021.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525–534
Number of pages10
JournalBiology of Sport
Volume38
Issue number4
Early online date14 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Physiology (medical)

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