The potential for recovering metals from small household appliances

Xavier Pierron, I. D. Williams, V. Cleaver

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding


    Countries who are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have high saturation of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) (Widmer et al., 2005). In 2011, >1,130,000 tonnes of EEE were put onto the market in the UK. A total of 40.7% of this tonnage was made up of large household appliances with cooling systems and small household appliances contributing to 15% and 12.1% of this total respectively (Environment Agency, 2012). Small household appliances (SHA) are items such as kettles and toasters and personal care appliances such as hair dryers. The increasing incorporation of technology into electronic products and their affordability means that they are replaced regularly, especially by people strongly influenced by fashion and advertising. Consequently there are increasing concerns about the sustainability of EEE manufacture, use and disposal both in terms of resource and energy use.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventSymposium on Urban Mining - Old Monastery of Saint Augustine, Bergamo, Italy
    Duration: 19 May 201421 May 2014


    ConferenceSymposium on Urban Mining

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