The Portuguese programme one laptop per child: political, educational and social impact

Sara Pereira, Luis Pereira, Ana Melro

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    In 2008, the XVII Portuguese Constitutional Government launched the ‘e.escolinha’ programme, within the Technological Plan for Education, which set out the distribution of a computer, called ‘Magalhães’, designed for chil-dren attending the 1st cycle of basic education. Suspended in 2011 by the XIX Government, this programme has allowed, however, almost 500 000 children to have access to a personal computer. It was expected that this political measure would “revolutionise” the national education system by bringing changes to the pedagogical practices of teachers and the learning processes of children and by achieving educational success, in general. Based on documental analysis and on a set of interviews with key decision-makers in conceiving, implementing and monitoring this governmental initiative, the fi rst part of this chapter presents and analyses the ‘e.escolinha’ initiative and the policies be-hind that governmental programme, seeking to disassemble those objectives and provide some insights into the relationship between discourses, rhetoric, and reality. After that, the chapter focuses on children’s uses and practices with the ‘Magalhães’ laptop, at school and at home. Based on the results of questionnaires fi lled in by approximately 1500 children from 32 First Cycle public schools of the municipality of Braga (north of Portugal) and also from questionnaires applied to their parents and teachers, this chapter intends to analyse the real impact of this initiative for children, family and school. It also seeks to discuss the contribution of this educational policy to children’s digital literacy and also to their own and their families’ social and digital inclusion. To understand if it represented an added value to teachers’ pedagogical practice is another of its aims. The fi ndings point out a major focus on technology and access rather than on uses and competences or even on social, educational and cultural change. In fact, a major conclusion is the existence of a strong gap between the policy and the practices, typical of a top-down policy design.
    This study is an integrant part of a research project titled “Navigating with ‘Magalhães’: Study on the Impact of Digital Media in Schoolchildren” conducted at the University of Minho, Portugal, financed by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology [PTDC/CCI-COM/101381/2008] and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund [COMPETE: FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-009056].
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDigital Literacy, Technology and Social Inclusion
    Subtitle of host publicationMaking Sense of One-To-One Computer Programmes Around the World
    EditorsSara Pereira
    PublisherEdições Húmus
    Chapter1
    Pages29-101
    Number of pages73
    ISBN (Electronic)978-989-755-049-2
    ISBN (Print)978-989-755-048-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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  • Cite this

    Pereira, S., Pereira, L., & Melro, A. (2015). The Portuguese programme one laptop per child: political, educational and social impact. In S. Pereira (Ed.), Digital Literacy, Technology and Social Inclusion: Making Sense of One-To-One Computer Programmes Around the World (pp. 29-101). Edições Húmus.