The politics of evidence-based policy in Europe’s ‘migration crisis’

Martin Baldwin-Edwards, Brad Blitz, Heaven Crawley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)
    14 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Increased migration across the Mediterranean to Europe during 2015 was associated with growing interest in generating new research evidence to assist policymakers in understanding the complexities of migration and improve policy responses. In the UK, this was reflected in funding by the Economic and Social Research Council for a Mediterranean Migration Research Programme. Drawing on evidence from the programme, this volume explores the nature of Europe’s ‘migration crisis’ and the extent to which the development of new migration management policies was grounded in evidence about the causes, drivers and consequences of migration to Europe. The authors conclude that there is a substantial ‘gap’ between the now significant body of evidence examining migration processes and European Union policy responses. This gap is attributed to three main factors: the long-standing ‘paradigm war’ in social research between positivist, interpretivist and critical approaches which means that what counts as ‘evidence’ is contested; competing knowledge claims associated with research and other forms of evidence used to construct and/or support policy narratives; and, perhaps most importantly, the politics of policymaking, which has resulted in policies based on underlying assumptions and vested interests rather than research evidence, even where this evidence is funded directly by European governments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2139-2155
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
    Volume45
    Issue number12
    Early online date30 May 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2019

    Keywords

    • Europe
    • evidence-based policy
    • migration
    • politics
    • research
    • Policy formulation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Demography
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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