The perceptual responses to high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise in older adults

Darren Lee Richardson, Michael Duncan, Alfonso Jimenez, Victoria Mary Jones, Paul Juris, Neil Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined exercise affect during volume-load matched, high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise conditions in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three high-velocity, low-load and three low-velocity, high-load sessions) in a crossover study design. High-velocity, low-load was performed at 40% of predicted one repetition maximum, and low-velocity, high-load at 80%. The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, Rating of Perceived Exertion, Visual Analogue Scales, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale examined exercise intensity and affect. There were moderate effects of exercise condition on positive exercise affect (P = 0.067; η2 P = 0.33), and trivial effects on negative exercise affect (P = 0.904; η2 P = 0.002). Rating of perceived exertion (P < 0.001; η2 P = 0.41) and fatigue (P = 0.012; η2 P = 0.52) were greater during low-velocity, high-load. Furthermore, high-velocity, low-load facilitated statistically insignificant, favourable changes (less exertion, more enjoyment etc.) for all other measures. These findings combined with emerging evidence that high-velocity, low-load is superior for improving muscle power and/or functional performance, indicates that high-velocity, low-load should be prescribed preferentially. However, both exercise conditions were enjoyed similarly, demonstrating that individual preference is an important consideration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1594-1601
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume36
Issue number14
Early online date16 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Cross-Over Studies
Arousal
Visual Analog Scale
Fatigue
Emotions
Muscles
Power (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Older adults
  • resistance exercise
  • health education
  • exercise affect

Cite this

The perceptual responses to high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise in older adults. / Richardson, Darren Lee; Duncan, Michael; Jimenez, Alfonso; Jones, Victoria Mary; Juris, Paul; Clarke, Neil.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 36, No. 14, 2018, p. 1594-1601.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Richardson, Darren Lee ; Duncan, Michael ; Jimenez, Alfonso ; Jones, Victoria Mary ; Juris, Paul ; Clarke, Neil. / The perceptual responses to high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise in older adults. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2018 ; Vol. 36, No. 14. pp. 1594-1601.
@article{36e8110dff2640609c78fb5c84efd033,
title = "The perceptual responses to high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise in older adults",
abstract = "The present study examined exercise affect during volume-load matched, high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise conditions in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three high-velocity, low-load and three low-velocity, high-load sessions) in a crossover study design. High-velocity, low-load was performed at 40{\%} of predicted one repetition maximum, and low-velocity, high-load at 80{\%}. The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, Rating of Perceived Exertion, Visual Analogue Scales, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale examined exercise intensity and affect. There were moderate effects of exercise condition on positive exercise affect (P = 0.067; η2 P = 0.33), and trivial effects on negative exercise affect (P = 0.904; η2 P = 0.002). Rating of perceived exertion (P < 0.001; η2 P = 0.41) and fatigue (P = 0.012; η2 P = 0.52) were greater during low-velocity, high-load. Furthermore, high-velocity, low-load facilitated statistically insignificant, favourable changes (less exertion, more enjoyment etc.) for all other measures. These findings combined with emerging evidence that high-velocity, low-load is superior for improving muscle power and/or functional performance, indicates that high-velocity, low-load should be prescribed preferentially. However, both exercise conditions were enjoyed similarly, demonstrating that individual preference is an important consideration.",
keywords = "Older adults, resistance exercise, health education, exercise affect",
author = "Richardson, {Darren Lee} and Michael Duncan and Alfonso Jimenez and Jones, {Victoria Mary} and Paul Juris and Neil Clarke",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2017.1405710",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1594--1601",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "14",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The perceptual responses to high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise in older adults

AU - Richardson, Darren Lee

AU - Duncan, Michael

AU - Jimenez, Alfonso

AU - Jones, Victoria Mary

AU - Juris, Paul

AU - Clarke, Neil

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The present study examined exercise affect during volume-load matched, high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise conditions in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three high-velocity, low-load and three low-velocity, high-load sessions) in a crossover study design. High-velocity, low-load was performed at 40% of predicted one repetition maximum, and low-velocity, high-load at 80%. The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, Rating of Perceived Exertion, Visual Analogue Scales, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale examined exercise intensity and affect. There were moderate effects of exercise condition on positive exercise affect (P = 0.067; η2 P = 0.33), and trivial effects on negative exercise affect (P = 0.904; η2 P = 0.002). Rating of perceived exertion (P < 0.001; η2 P = 0.41) and fatigue (P = 0.012; η2 P = 0.52) were greater during low-velocity, high-load. Furthermore, high-velocity, low-load facilitated statistically insignificant, favourable changes (less exertion, more enjoyment etc.) for all other measures. These findings combined with emerging evidence that high-velocity, low-load is superior for improving muscle power and/or functional performance, indicates that high-velocity, low-load should be prescribed preferentially. However, both exercise conditions were enjoyed similarly, demonstrating that individual preference is an important consideration.

AB - The present study examined exercise affect during volume-load matched, high-velocity, low-load and low-velocity, high-load resistance exercise conditions in older adults. Ten older adults completed three sets of eight exercises on six separate occasions (three high-velocity, low-load and three low-velocity, high-load sessions) in a crossover study design. High-velocity, low-load was performed at 40% of predicted one repetition maximum, and low-velocity, high-load at 80%. The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, Rating of Perceived Exertion, Visual Analogue Scales, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale examined exercise intensity and affect. There were moderate effects of exercise condition on positive exercise affect (P = 0.067; η2 P = 0.33), and trivial effects on negative exercise affect (P = 0.904; η2 P = 0.002). Rating of perceived exertion (P < 0.001; η2 P = 0.41) and fatigue (P = 0.012; η2 P = 0.52) were greater during low-velocity, high-load. Furthermore, high-velocity, low-load facilitated statistically insignificant, favourable changes (less exertion, more enjoyment etc.) for all other measures. These findings combined with emerging evidence that high-velocity, low-load is superior for improving muscle power and/or functional performance, indicates that high-velocity, low-load should be prescribed preferentially. However, both exercise conditions were enjoyed similarly, demonstrating that individual preference is an important consideration.

KW - Older adults

KW - resistance exercise

KW - health education

KW - exercise affect

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2017.1405710

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2017.1405710

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 1594

EP - 1601

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 14

ER -