The Parental Leave Directive: Towards a family friendly social Europe

Stephen Hardy, Nick Adnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


The employment and social policies of the European Union currently seek to promote equal opportunities while targeting further significant increases in female employment rates. This article evaluates its 'work-life balance' regulations, particularly the Parental Leave Directive, analysing their origins and rationale. We assess the social, economic and legal implications and identify differing national strategies for implementation. In conclusion, we address how the EU 'family-friendly' aspirations can be made consistent with the promotion of gender equality in employment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-172
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Industrial Relations
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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