The New Era of Turbulence: Peacemaking Trends in Post-Carbon Times

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Based on an empirical comparison of peace processes in carbon-dependent economies over time, this article investigates the impact of decarbonisation and the related decline of political finance in respective political marketplaces on peacemaking.

The author argues that, while the period of high oil prices in the mid-2000s was characterised several significant peace deals that attempted comprehensive settlements, the decline of oil prices in the years from 2013 to 2021 has led to a new era of turbulence. The reasons for these patterns are the availability and subsequent decline of political finance that enabled elite buy in at a large scale in “big tent” politics, as well as the rise and decline of strategic interest in geopolitical stability by international powers.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationSomerset, MA
PublisherWorld Peace Foundation
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • peace processes
  • carbon economies
  • decarbonisation


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