The mechanical, physical and chemical characteristics of a high power diode laser generated single-stage ceramic tile grout

J. Lawrence, L Li, R. E. Edwards, A. W. Gale

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Abstract

Using a 60 W high power diode laser (HPDL) a single-stage ceramic tile grout sealing process has been devised which utilises a crushed ceramic tile mix to act as a tough, inexpensive bulk substrate and a glazed enamel surface to provide an impervious surface glaze. HPDL processing has resulted in crack and porosity free seals produced in normal atmospheric conditions. The single-stage grout is simple to formulate and easy to apply. Bonding of the enamel to the crushed ceramic tile mix was identified as being primarily due to van der Waals forces and, on a very small scale, some of the crushed ceramic tile mix material dissolving into the glaze. Optical inspection and water permeability tests revealed that a complete bond between the enamel glaze and the crushed ceramic tile mix, as well as between the enamel glaze and the vitrified surface of the ceramic tiles themselves, was achieved. The results of mechanical and chemical tests showed that the single-stage ceramic tile grout out performed the conventional epoxy tile grout in all the test areas. Life assessment testing revealed that the single-stage ceramic tile grout seals gave an increase in wear life of 4 to 42 times over conventional epoxy tile grout, depending upon the corrosive environment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICALEO® 2001: Proceedings of the Laser Materials Processing Conference and Laser Microfabrication Conference
PublisherLaser Institute of America
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-0-912035-71-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes
Event20th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics, Laser Materials Processing Conference, Laser Microfabrication Conference - Jacksonville, United States
Duration: 15 Oct 200118 Oct 2001
Conference number: 20th

Conference

Conference20th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics, Laser Materials Processing Conference, Laser Microfabrication Conference
Abbreviated titleICALEO 2001
CountryUnited States
CityJacksonville
Period15/10/0118/10/01

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Lawrence, J., Li, L., Edwards, R. E., & Gale, A. W. (2001). The mechanical, physical and chemical characteristics of a high power diode laser generated single-stage ceramic tile grout. In ICALEO® 2001: Proceedings of the Laser Materials Processing Conference and Laser Microfabrication Conference Laser Institute of America. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5059799