The management of scoliosis in children with cerebral palsy: a review.

T Cloake, A Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Children who suffer with cerebral palsy (CP) have a significant chance of developing scoliosis during their early years and adolescence. The behavior of this scoliosis is closely associated with the severity of the CP disability and unlike idiopathic scoliosis, it continues to progress beyond skeletal maturity. Conservative measures may slow the progression of the curve, however, surgery remains the only definitive management option. Advances in surgical technique over the last 50 years have provided methods to effectively treat the deformity while also reducing complication rates. The increased risk of surgical complications with these complex patients make decisions about treatment challenging, however with careful pre-operative optimization and post-operative care, surgery can offer a significant improvement in quality of life. This review discusses the development of scoliosis in CP patient, evaluates conservative and surgical treatment options and assesses post-operative outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-309
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of spine surgery (Hong Kong)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebral palsy (CP)
  • scoliosis
  • child
  • spine
  • treatment outcome


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