The long-term hydrological performance of Permeable Pavement Systems in Northern Spain: An approach to the "end-of-life" concept

Luis A. Sañudo-Fontaneda, Valerio C. Andres-Valeri, Carlos Costales-Campa, Iñigo Cabezon-Jimenez, Fernando Cadenas-Fernandez

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    28 Citations (Scopus)
    54 Downloads (Pure)


    Porous mixtures and Interlocking Concrete Block Pavements (ICBP) are the most widely used surfaces in Permeable Pavement Systems (PPS). Despite the fact that there are many studies based on the hydrological performance of PPS, there are few long-term studies that identify the end of life of PPS regarding their hydrological performance. A field study has been developed over 10 years in the experimental car park "Las Llamas" in the city of Santander, Northern Spain. Permeability was measured in 37 car park bays (nine Polymer-Modified Porous Concrete, nine Porous Asphalt, and 17 ICBP of two different designs). Tests were conducted under the Spanish Standard NLT-327/00 for the porous-mixture surfaces and the ASTM methods C1701/C1701M-17a and C1781/C1781M-15 for porous mixtures and ICBP, respectively. No maintenance was carried out in this car park since it was opened to traffic in 2008, allowing for the assessment and identification of the hydrological failure of each surface. The research showed that after 10 years of operation without maintenance, the bays constructed using porous mixtures were completely clogged, reaching the end of their operational life after nine years. However, ICBP maintained high infiltration rates, showing better resilience to sediment clogging. Further research is needed to confirm the evolution of ICBP surfaces.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number497
    Number of pages14
    JournalWater (Switzerland)
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2018

    Bibliographical note

    © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution
    (CC BY) license (


    • Clogging
    • Concrete blocks
    • Field study
    • Monitoring
    • Permeameter
    • Porous asphalt
    • Porous concrete
    • Resilience
    • Stormwater Best Management Practices
    • Sustainable Drainage Systems

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Aquatic Science
    • Water Science and Technology


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