Predicting the compactness of the invasion front and the amount of trapped fluid left behind is of crucial importance to applications ranging from microfluidics and fuel cells to subsurface storage of carbon and hydrogen. We examine the interplay of wettability, macro‐ and pore scale heterogeneity (pore angularity and pore wall roughness), and its influence on flow patterns formation and trapping efficiency in porous media by a combination of 3D micro‐CT imaging with 2D direct visualization of micromodels. We observe various phase transitions between the following capillary flow regimes (phases): (a) compact advance, (b) wetting and drainage Invasion percolation, (c) Ordinary percolation.
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FunderDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Numbers: GE 766/12-1, GE 766/12-2
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Grant Number: EP/V050613/1
Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.