The influence of Islam in shaping Organisational socially responsible behaviour

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The role of religion in ethical decision-making, both for individual managers and at an organisational level, remains elusive due to contrasting findings in extant literature. This is exacerbated by a dearth of studies focusing on specific religious mechanisms that can foster ethical decision-making, particularly with respect to organisational corporate socially responsible (CSR) behaviour and in backgrounds different from Christianity. This exploratory study investigates the mechanisms in Islam that can influence individual/micro- and organisational/meso-level ethical decision-making, and hence CSR outcomes. It draws on in-depth, qualitative data from 63 domestic organisations in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. The findings reveal a complex macro normative religious environment, founded on specific factors that shape ethics and decision-making. Internalised by organisational leaders, these factors translate into organisational CSR behaviour as the organisation becomes a place for fulfilling individual religious responsibilities, and even creates CSR products shaped around religious principles. The study contributes to the literature on ethical decision-making, organisational behaviour, and Islamic CSR, and offers recommendations for policymakers and practitioners on integrating religion within the organisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1019
Number of pages19
JournalBusiness Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility
Issue number3
Early online date22 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • ethical decision-making
  • Islam
  • organisational CSR behaviour
  • qualitative research
  • Grounded Theory


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