The influence of cycling intensity upon cognitive response during inferred practice and competition conditions

Michael J. Duncan, Neil D. Clarke, Martin Cox, M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In many sport and exercise situations cognitive performance is required under conditions of high physiological load and high cognitive anxiety. However, few studies have assessed all these components in-situ. The current study sought to address this issue. Fourteen adults (9 males, 5 females) completed 2 incremental exercise trials (perceived competition or perceived practice) in a counterbalanced order. Cognitive performance, via a test of visual discrimination, RPE, heart rate (HR), blood lactate (Bla), and anxiety scores, were recorded at rest, 70% 2max and 90% 2max. Visual discrimination response times were faster at rest compared to 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.002) and at 70% compared to 90% 2max (P = 0.04) in the competitive condition. HR post instructions (P = 0.0001), at 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.0001) was significantly higher in competition compared to practice. RPE was higher in the competitive condition compared to the practice condition (P = 0.023). Cognitive anxiety intensity was significantly higher in the competitive condition, at 70 and 90% 2max (P = 0.001). This study suggests that cognitive performance is more negatively affected when physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety are at their highest. Coaches and athletes should be mindful of such effects and seek to develop skills to offset such responses or to structure training to better represent competition. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1865-1871
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume35
Issue number19
Early online date8 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Sports
Heart Rate
Exercise
Manuscripts
Arousal
Athletes
Reaction Time
Lactic Acid

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in
Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available
online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

Keywords

  • Visual Discrimination
  • Cognitive Anxiety
  • Performance
  • Catastrophe Model
  • Bioinformational Theory

Cite this

The influence of cycling intensity upon cognitive response during inferred practice and competition conditions. / Duncan, Michael J.; Clarke, Neil D.; Cox, Martin; Smith, M.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 35, No. 19, 2017, p. 1865-1871.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d8f51ec5b63547f79b49d24aa9ce3fd7,
title = "The influence of cycling intensity upon cognitive response during inferred practice and competition conditions",
abstract = "In many sport and exercise situations cognitive performance is required under conditions of high physiological load and high cognitive anxiety. However, few studies have assessed all these components in-situ. The current study sought to address this issue. Fourteen adults (9 males, 5 females) completed 2 incremental exercise trials (perceived competition or perceived practice) in a counterbalanced order. Cognitive performance, via a test of visual discrimination, RPE, heart rate (HR), blood lactate (Bla), and anxiety scores, were recorded at rest, 70{\%} 2max and 90{\%} 2max. Visual discrimination response times were faster at rest compared to 70{\%} (P = 0.001) and 90{\%} 2max (P = 0.002) and at 70{\%} compared to 90{\%} 2max (P = 0.04) in the competitive condition. HR post instructions (P = 0.0001), at 70{\%} (P = 0.001) and 90{\%} 2max (P = 0.0001) was significantly higher in competition compared to practice. RPE was higher in the competitive condition compared to the practice condition (P = 0.023). Cognitive anxiety intensity was significantly higher in the competitive condition, at 70 and 90{\%} 2max (P = 0.001). This study suggests that cognitive performance is more negatively affected when physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety are at their highest. Coaches and athletes should be mindful of such effects and seek to develop skills to offset such responses or to structure training to better represent competition. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877",
keywords = "Visual Discrimination, Cognitive Anxiety, Performance, Catastrophe Model, Bioinformational Theory",
author = "Duncan, {Michael J.} and Clarke, {Neil D.} and Martin Cox and M. Smith",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1865--1871",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "19",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of cycling intensity upon cognitive response during inferred practice and competition conditions

AU - Duncan, Michael J.

AU - Clarke, Neil D.

AU - Cox, Martin

AU - Smith, M.

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In many sport and exercise situations cognitive performance is required under conditions of high physiological load and high cognitive anxiety. However, few studies have assessed all these components in-situ. The current study sought to address this issue. Fourteen adults (9 males, 5 females) completed 2 incremental exercise trials (perceived competition or perceived practice) in a counterbalanced order. Cognitive performance, via a test of visual discrimination, RPE, heart rate (HR), blood lactate (Bla), and anxiety scores, were recorded at rest, 70% 2max and 90% 2max. Visual discrimination response times were faster at rest compared to 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.002) and at 70% compared to 90% 2max (P = 0.04) in the competitive condition. HR post instructions (P = 0.0001), at 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.0001) was significantly higher in competition compared to practice. RPE was higher in the competitive condition compared to the practice condition (P = 0.023). Cognitive anxiety intensity was significantly higher in the competitive condition, at 70 and 90% 2max (P = 0.001). This study suggests that cognitive performance is more negatively affected when physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety are at their highest. Coaches and athletes should be mindful of such effects and seek to develop skills to offset such responses or to structure training to better represent competition. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

AB - In many sport and exercise situations cognitive performance is required under conditions of high physiological load and high cognitive anxiety. However, few studies have assessed all these components in-situ. The current study sought to address this issue. Fourteen adults (9 males, 5 females) completed 2 incremental exercise trials (perceived competition or perceived practice) in a counterbalanced order. Cognitive performance, via a test of visual discrimination, RPE, heart rate (HR), blood lactate (Bla), and anxiety scores, were recorded at rest, 70% 2max and 90% 2max. Visual discrimination response times were faster at rest compared to 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.002) and at 70% compared to 90% 2max (P = 0.04) in the competitive condition. HR post instructions (P = 0.0001), at 70% (P = 0.001) and 90% 2max (P = 0.0001) was significantly higher in competition compared to practice. RPE was higher in the competitive condition compared to the practice condition (P = 0.023). Cognitive anxiety intensity was significantly higher in the competitive condition, at 70 and 90% 2max (P = 0.001). This study suggests that cognitive performance is more negatively affected when physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety are at their highest. Coaches and athletes should be mindful of such effects and seek to develop skills to offset such responses or to structure training to better represent competition. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 8 Oct 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

KW - Visual Discrimination

KW - Cognitive Anxiety

KW - Performance

KW - Catastrophe Model

KW - Bioinformational Theory

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2016.1240877

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 1865

EP - 1871

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 19

ER -