The importance of pretesting questionnaires: a field research example of cognitive pretesting the Exercise referral Quality of Life Scale (ER-QLS)

Charlotte Emma Hilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)
2056 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The development of questionnaires, surveys and psychometric scales is an iterative research process that includes a number of carefully planned stages. Pretesting is a method of checking that questions work as intended and are understood by those individuals who are likely to respond to them. However, detailed reports of appropriate methods to undertake pretesting are currently underrepresented within the literature. This study presents a detailed protocol of a cognitive interview pretesting approach that informed the development of the Exercise Referral Quality of Life Scale – a measure of life-quality designed specifically for structured clinical exercise settings. This documented approach to pretesting proved a vital stage in the scale development process, without which the item problems detected would have carried forward into the statistical analyses. The current protocol intends to contribute to reducing the current shortfall in pretesting guidance for practitioners and researchers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-34
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2015

Keywords

  • cognitive Interviewing
  • pretesting
  • questionnaire design
  • questionnaire development
  • item generation
  • quality of life

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