The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications

M. Hao, Adnan Fazal, A. S. Vaughan, G. Chen, Y. Zhou, C. Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High voltage direct current (HVDC) cables are one of the key components for the HVDC power transmission system. HVDC cables for higher voltage level, larger power capacity and higher reliability are still desired for the power industry as part of a global power strategy. One of the major concerns related to HVDC applications is the presence of space charge within the dielectrics, which distorts the electric field distribution and contributes to accelerated ageing and consequent failure of the cable insulation. The byproducts generated from the crosslinking process during the manufacture of XLPE insulation for HVDC cable are one of the major sources of hetero-charge formation in dielectrics. Therefore, degassing is widely applied in cable manufacture for the removal of such crosslinking byproducts. In this paper, composite XLPE samples were produced that include two layers of semiconductive polymer (semicon), which are thermally bonded on the top and bottom of the XLPE insulation, to mimic a real cable manufacturing process. The samples were degassed under vacuum and elevated temperature for 1, 3 and 6 days and their space charge characteristics and conductivities were then measured at an applied field of 40 kV/mm. The influence of the degassing period and the semicon material formulation on space charge formation and distribution in the system are discussed and the findings are compared with undegassed samples.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP)
Place of PublicationCanada
PublisherIEEE
Pages97-100
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-4655-3
ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-4654-6, 978-1-5090-4653-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2016
EventIEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 16 Oct 201619 Oct 2016

Conference

ConferenceIEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena
Abbreviated titleCEIDP
CountryCanada
CityToronto
Period16/10/1619/10/16

Fingerprint

Degassing
Electric space charge
Cables
Electric potential
Polymers
Insulation
Crosslinking
Byproducts
DC power transmission
Aging of materials
Electric fields
Vacuum
Composite materials
Industry

Keywords

  • Space charge
  • Conductivity
  • HVDC transmission
  • Power cables
  • Cathodes
  • Anodes
  • XLPE insulation
  • deaeration
  • HVDC power transmission
  • power cable insulation
  • space charge
  • space charge formation
  • high voltage direct current cables
  • HVDC cables
  • HVDC power transmission system
  • electric field distribution
  • accelerated ageing
  • cable insulation failure
  • hetero-charge formation
  • degassing
  • crosslinking byproducts
  • composite XLPE samples
  • semiconductive polymer
  • semicon material formulation
  • conductivity
  • PEA
  • XLPE
  • HVDC cable
  • semiconductiing material
  • charge injection

Cite this

Hao, M., Fazal, A., Vaughan, A. S., Chen, G., Zhou, Y., & Zhang, C. (2016). The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications. In 2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP) (pp. 97-100). Canada: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2016.7785533

The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications. / Hao, M.; Fazal, Adnan; Vaughan, A. S.; Chen, G.; Zhou, Y.; Zhang, C.

2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP). Canada : IEEE, 2016. p. 97-100.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Hao, M, Fazal, A, Vaughan, AS, Chen, G, Zhou, Y & Zhang, C 2016, The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications. in 2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP). IEEE, Canada, pp. 97-100, IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, Toronto, Canada, 16/10/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2016.7785533
Hao M, Fazal A, Vaughan AS, Chen G, Zhou Y, Zhang C. The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications. In 2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP). Canada: IEEE. 2016. p. 97-100 https://doi.org/10.1109/CEIDP.2016.7785533
Hao, M. ; Fazal, Adnan ; Vaughan, A. S. ; Chen, G. ; Zhou, Y. ; Zhang, C. / The impacts of degassing on space charge characteristics and DC conductivity in semicon-bonded XLPE for HVDC cable applications. 2016 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP). Canada : IEEE, 2016. pp. 97-100
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AB - High voltage direct current (HVDC) cables are one of the key components for the HVDC power transmission system. HVDC cables for higher voltage level, larger power capacity and higher reliability are still desired for the power industry as part of a global power strategy. One of the major concerns related to HVDC applications is the presence of space charge within the dielectrics, which distorts the electric field distribution and contributes to accelerated ageing and consequent failure of the cable insulation. The byproducts generated from the crosslinking process during the manufacture of XLPE insulation for HVDC cable are one of the major sources of hetero-charge formation in dielectrics. Therefore, degassing is widely applied in cable manufacture for the removal of such crosslinking byproducts. In this paper, composite XLPE samples were produced that include two layers of semiconductive polymer (semicon), which are thermally bonded on the top and bottom of the XLPE insulation, to mimic a real cable manufacturing process. The samples were degassed under vacuum and elevated temperature for 1, 3 and 6 days and their space charge characteristics and conductivities were then measured at an applied field of 40 kV/mm. The influence of the degassing period and the semicon material formulation on space charge formation and distribution in the system are discussed and the findings are compared with undegassed samples.

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