The impact of personality traits on users’ information-seeking behavior

Hosam Al-Samarraie, Atef Eldenfria, Husameddin Dawoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although personality traits may influence information-seeking behavior, little is known about this topic. This study explored the impact of the Big Five personality traits on human online information seeking. For this purpose, it examined changes in eye-movement behavior in a sample of 75 participants (36 male and 39 female; age: 22–39 years; experience conducting online searches: 5–12 years) across three types of information-seeking tasks – factual, exploratory, and interpretive. The International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-R™ (IPIP-NEO) was used to assess the participants’ personality profile. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to categorize participants based on their personality traits. A three cluster solution was found (cluster one consists of participants who scored high in conscientiousness; cluster two consists of participants who scored high in agreeableness; and cluster three consists of participants who scored high in extraversion). Results revealed that individuals high in conscientiousness performed fastest in most information-seeking tasks, followed by those high in agreeableness and extraversion. This study has important practical implications for intelligent human – computer interfaces, personalization, and related applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalInformation Processing and Management
Volume53
Issue number1
Early online date9 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

information-seeking behavior
Eye movements
Cluster analysis
personality traits
Interfaces (computer)
personality
personalization
cluster analysis
Personality traits
Information seeking
Conscientiousness
Agreeableness
Extraversion
experience

Keywords

  • Information behavior
  • Online information seeking
  • Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

The impact of personality traits on users’ information-seeking behavior. / Al-Samarraie, Hosam; Eldenfria, Atef; Dawoud, Husameddin.

In: Information Processing and Management, Vol. 53, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 237-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Samarraie, Hosam ; Eldenfria, Atef ; Dawoud, Husameddin. / The impact of personality traits on users’ information-seeking behavior. In: Information Processing and Management. 2017 ; Vol. 53, No. 1. pp. 237-247.
@article{cbe80cb2932b4c969e9c5f7eec15ddcc,
title = "The impact of personality traits on users’ information-seeking behavior",
abstract = "Although personality traits may influence information-seeking behavior, little is known about this topic. This study explored the impact of the Big Five personality traits on human online information seeking. For this purpose, it examined changes in eye-movement behavior in a sample of 75 participants (36 male and 39 female; age: 22–39 years; experience conducting online searches: 5–12 years) across three types of information-seeking tasks – factual, exploratory, and interpretive. The International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-R™ (IPIP-NEO) was used to assess the participants’ personality profile. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to categorize participants based on their personality traits. A three cluster solution was found (cluster one consists of participants who scored high in conscientiousness; cluster two consists of participants who scored high in agreeableness; and cluster three consists of participants who scored high in extraversion). Results revealed that individuals high in conscientiousness performed fastest in most information-seeking tasks, followed by those high in agreeableness and extraversion. This study has important practical implications for intelligent human – computer interfaces, personalization, and related applications.",
keywords = "Information behavior, Online information seeking, Personality traits",
author = "Hosam Al-Samarraie and Atef Eldenfria and Husameddin Dawoud",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ipm.2016.08.004",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "237--247",
journal = "Information Processing and Management",
issn = "0306-4573",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of personality traits on users’ information-seeking behavior

AU - Al-Samarraie, Hosam

AU - Eldenfria, Atef

AU - Dawoud, Husameddin

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Although personality traits may influence information-seeking behavior, little is known about this topic. This study explored the impact of the Big Five personality traits on human online information seeking. For this purpose, it examined changes in eye-movement behavior in a sample of 75 participants (36 male and 39 female; age: 22–39 years; experience conducting online searches: 5–12 years) across three types of information-seeking tasks – factual, exploratory, and interpretive. The International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-R™ (IPIP-NEO) was used to assess the participants’ personality profile. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to categorize participants based on their personality traits. A three cluster solution was found (cluster one consists of participants who scored high in conscientiousness; cluster two consists of participants who scored high in agreeableness; and cluster three consists of participants who scored high in extraversion). Results revealed that individuals high in conscientiousness performed fastest in most information-seeking tasks, followed by those high in agreeableness and extraversion. This study has important practical implications for intelligent human – computer interfaces, personalization, and related applications.

AB - Although personality traits may influence information-seeking behavior, little is known about this topic. This study explored the impact of the Big Five personality traits on human online information seeking. For this purpose, it examined changes in eye-movement behavior in a sample of 75 participants (36 male and 39 female; age: 22–39 years; experience conducting online searches: 5–12 years) across three types of information-seeking tasks – factual, exploratory, and interpretive. The International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-R™ (IPIP-NEO) was used to assess the participants’ personality profile. Hierarchical cluster analysis was used to categorize participants based on their personality traits. A three cluster solution was found (cluster one consists of participants who scored high in conscientiousness; cluster two consists of participants who scored high in agreeableness; and cluster three consists of participants who scored high in extraversion). Results revealed that individuals high in conscientiousness performed fastest in most information-seeking tasks, followed by those high in agreeableness and extraversion. This study has important practical implications for intelligent human – computer interfaces, personalization, and related applications.

KW - Information behavior

KW - Online information seeking

KW - Personality traits

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84995493618&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ipm.2016.08.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ipm.2016.08.004

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 237

EP - 247

JO - Information Processing and Management

JF - Information Processing and Management

SN - 0306-4573

IS - 1

ER -